Casino, New South Wales

Barker St., Casino

Casino is a town in the Northern Rivers area of New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 10,914 people at the 2016 census.[1] It lies on the banks of the Richmond River and is situated at the junction of the Bruxner Highway and the Summerland Way.

It is located 726 km (451 mi) north of Sydney and 228 km (142 mi) south of Brisbane.

Overview

Casino is the seat of the Richmond Valley Council, a local government area.

British occupation of the area began in 1840 when pastoral squatters George Robert Stapleton and his business partner, Mr. Clay, set up a sheep station which they called Cassino after Cassino (near Monte Cassino) in Italy.[3][4][5] The town now has a sister city agreement with the Italian village.[6][7]

Casino is among Australia's largest beef centres. It is the regional hub of a very large cattle industry and positions itself as the "Beef Capital" of Australia,[8][9] although the city of Rockhampton also claims this title. In addition it is the service centre for a rich agricultural area.

Each year the town celebrates Beef Week. It was not held in 2007 but since that year, has continued to be held and celebrated with the 2019 one being held from 18 to 28 May.[10]

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,914 people in Casino.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 10.5% of the population.
  • 86.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 1.2%.
  • 90.9% of people spoke only English at home.
  • The most common responses for religion were Catholic 25.2%, Anglican 22.8% and No Religion 22.0%.[1]

Transport

Casino railway station is situated on the main North Coast railway line between Sydney and Brisbane, north of Grafton. A branch line ran via Lismore to Murwillumbah; that line has since been closed, although lobbying is taking place to re-open it.[11][12] Casino railway station is the terminus of the daily Casino XPT from Sydney and there is a daily service to and from Brisbane via the Brisbane XPT.

In the 1920s, a never completed railway branch line to Bonalbo was started. A line was also proposed from Casino via Tabulam[13] and even a line all the way to Tenterfield,[14]

Casino is serviced by Lismore Airport with several daily flights to Sydney.

Northern Rivers Buslines operates rural services to Lismore (670) and Kyogle (675) each weekday, with one return service to Tenterfield available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

Casino Bus Service operates local town loops, including a loop service to Gays Hill.

Among its many schools are the main ones: Casino High School, Casino Public School, Casino West Public School, St. Mary's Primary School, St. Mary's Catholic College School and Casino Christian Community School.

Heritage listings

Casino has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Location for filming

The 2014 drama series The Gods of Wheat Street was set and partly filmed in Casino.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Casino (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 October 2018. Edit this at WikidataCC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^ "Casino". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Early Bay History". The Richmond River Herald And Northern Districts Advertiser. New South Wales, Australia. 19 November 1937. p. 7. Retrieved 12 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "Casino". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ "Place Names". The Australian Women's Weekly. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Minutes Ordinary Meeting" (PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 16 July 2002. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "Minutes Ordinary Meeting" (PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 18 March 2003. p. 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ George, Thomas (30 May 2000). "Northern Star Casino Beef Week 2000". Hansard. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 10 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008. I speak about Casino, the true beef capital of Australia Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "Casino Tourism". Casino Tourist Information Centre. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  10. ^ Beef Week Beef Week
  11. ^ "No plans to reopen line". Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  12. ^ "State Nationals member lobbies to reopen line". Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  13. ^ "COUNTRY NEWS". Daily Mail (5393). Brisbane. 2 January 1920. p. 2. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "Casino-Tenterfield Railway". The Richmond River Express and Casino Kyogle Advertiser. New South Wales. 17 December 1920. p. 4. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Casino Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01405. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Old Casino Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01216. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Casino Railway Station and yard group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01111. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  18. ^ L Daley. "Irving, Clark (1808–1865)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  19. ^ Groot, Murray. "Lumsdaine, John Sinclair (Jack) (1895–1948)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  20. ^ Wild, Stephen. "Morgan, James (Jim) (1901–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  21. ^ Selth, P. A. "Murray, Kevin Ross (1930–1991)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  22. ^ "Felix Schurr". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Williams, Clive Andrew (1915–1980)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2002. Retrieved 30 March 2015.

External links

Preceding station   TfNSW T.svg NSW TrainLink   Following station
towards Brisbane
NSW TrainLink North Coast
towards Sydney
TerminusNSW TrainLink North Coast