It covers 528 square kilometres (203.9 sq mi), and in June 2018, Melton had population of 156,713.
It is governed by the Melton City Council. The seat of local government and administrative offices are located at Council headquarters in Melton, the settlement after which the city takes its name which lies at the western end of the LGA and is currently its largest urban area with a population of over 54,000.
City of Melton has a rapid population growth rate, ranked 3rd fastest among LGAs in Victoria in 2010. It was granted city status in 2012.
Melton was first incorporated as a district on 16 September 1862, and became a shire on 24 May 1871. Parts of the north and south ridings of the Shire of Braybrook (later City of Sunshine) were annexed to Melton as the Rockbank Riding on 24 May 1916, and this was added to in 1951. Other minor boundary adjustments with Bulla and Keilor occurred in May 1959. The Shire had a total area of 450.4 square kilometres (173.9 sq mi).
Since the early 1970s the Shire has undergone tremendous population growth and as of 2006, Melton was one of Victoria's fastest growing local government areas along with neighbouring Wyndham.
After several years of community consultation to defer applying for city status until it had reached 150,000, the council nevertheless reversed the decision and city status was granted in September, 2012. The first elected Mayor under the 'City" status was Kathy Majdlik.
The City's area is divided into three wards, two of which elects three Councillors, the other one electing two Councillors. The Councillors elect a mayor from among the council's members.
The current council, as of January 2019 is:
|Cambridge||Independent||Steve Abboushi||Deputy Mayor|
Suburbs within the boundary of the city include:
- Bonnie Brook
- Burnside Heights
- Caroline Springs
- Diggers Rest (shared with the City of Hume)
- Eynesbury (shared with the City of Wyndham)
- Fraser Rise
- Hillside (shared with the City of Brimbank)
- Melton South
- Melton West
- Mount Cottrell (shared with the City of Wyndham)
- Parwan (shared with the Shire of Moorabool)
- Taylors Hill
- Thornhill Park
- Toolern Vale (shared with the Shire of Macedon Ranges)
- Truganina (shared with the City of Wyndham)
- Weir Views
Recent large housing projects include:
- Atherstone, within the new suburbs of Cobblebank and Strathtulloh. ($1.2 billion).
- Eynesbury Township.
- Waterford Estate, in the suburb of Weir Views.
- Woodlea, within the new suburb of Aintree.
- "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
- Census QuickStats (2016). "Melton (UCL) – UCL211004". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Government of Australia. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 756–757. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 9. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
- "Community Engagement – Application for City status" (PDF). Moving Ahead. Shire of Melton. 10 November 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- "Welcome to the City of Melton". City of Melton. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- Humpage, Ami; Mcaleer, Liam Status change confirmed, Melton now a City Archived 2013-01-15 at Archive.today Melton Leader. 6 Sep 12
- "Councillors - Melton City Council". www.melton.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- "Suburbs". www.melton.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- 1958, 1983 and 1988 Victorian Year Book
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Melton (S) (Local government Area)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- "Growth statistics". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Melton City Council home page
- Map of Mid & South West Mental Health Area from Department of Human Services, Victoria, Australia
- Public Transport Victoria local public transport map
- Link to Land Victoria interactive maps