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  • Caulfield, Victoria

    Caulfield is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-east of Melbourne’s central business district. Its local government area is the City of Glen Eira.

    It is bounded by Kooyong Road in the west, Glen Eira Road in the north, Glen Huntly Road in the south and Booran Road in the east.

    Caulfield is best known as the location of Caulfield Racecourse and the Caulfield campus of Monash University.

    History

    Toponymy

    The origin of the name of Caulfield is not known for certain, but the name seemed to be linked with Baron Caulfield of Ireland, perhaps through John Caulfield, a pioneer of the colony. The name Caulfield was in use by 1853, and the early maps always place it somewhere around the racecourse.

    Pre-European history

    The local Yalukit people were coastal and dependent on seafoods, so few Aboriginal relics have been found in Caulfield.[2] Nevertheless, some contact did occur in the area between Aborigines and European settlers. Murrum Murrumbean was a local native from whom the placename Murrumbeena derives. Frederick Chapman (later Justice of the New Zealand Supreme Court) was able to recollect a corroboree which took place in Hotham Street, involving hundreds of Gippsland Aborigines.[2]

    Establishment

    In the mid nineteenth century, the Caulfield area was swampy, low-lying ground. It served as watering and pasture land for the pastoralists driving stock from Gippsland to Melbourne.[2] In the 1840s, several distinct communities had arisen throughout the area. Owensville was located around the western end of Glen Eira Road. Alma Road Village was another middle class area further north. Camden Town was a working class area at the junction of Glen Huntly and Hawthorn Roads. Meanwhile, the area south of Paddy’s Swamp (now Caulfield Park) developed into the main commercial area of Caulfield. Initially the Black Chapel at that point served as the area’s first church. This building was soon converted to Boxill’s general store.[2] The whole area was proclaimed the Caulfield Road District in 1857. It served as a location for several grand mansions for wealthy Melbourne citizens over the following decades. Caulfield Post Office opened on 1 January 1863 and closed in 1974. Caulfield Junction Post Office opened in 1923 and remains open.[3]

    Population

    At the 2016 Census, Caulfield had a population of 5,595. 53.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were South Africa 5.4%, China 3.3%, Israel 3.0%, Poland 2.8% and England 2.3%. 63.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Russian 6.0%, Hebrew 4.1%, Greek 3.8% and Mandarin 3.4%. The most common responses for religion in Caulfield were Judaism 40.5%, No Religion 21.6% and Catholic 10.5%.[1]

    Parks and open space

    Caulfield Park, which is nearby in Caulfield North, is a large Victorian garden flanked by Hawthorn, Balaclava and Inkerman Roads, which features a war memorial, a decorative lake and playing fields for various sports.

    Transport

    The principal north-south roads that serve the suburb are Kooyong Road, Hawthorn Road, Bramba Road, Kambrook Road, and Booran Road. The major east-west roads are Glen Eira Road, Neerim Road, and Glen Huntly Road.

    Two tram routes serve the suburb;

    Three bus routes serve the suburb;

    No railway lines serve the suburb, with the closest stations being on the Cranbourne, Frankston, Pakenham, and Sandringham lines.

    Stations in the neighbouring suburbs of Caulfield East, Elsternwick, and Glen Huntly;

    Sport

    The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League.[12]

    Notable residents

    See also

    References

    1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). “Caulfield (State Suburb)”. 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 October 2017. Edit this at Wikidata

    2. ^ a b c d Murray PR and Wells JC (1980), From sand, swamp and heath…, The City of Caulfield, p. 1, ISBN 978-0-9598392-6-5
    3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
    4. ^ “Routes”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
    5. ^ “Routes”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
    6. ^ “Routes”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
    7. ^ “Routes”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
    8. ^ “Routes”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
    9. ^ “Caulfield Railway Station (Caulfield East) – Public Transport Victoria”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
    10. ^ “Elsternwick Railway Station (Elsternwick) – Public Transport Victoria”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
    11. ^ “Glenhuntly Railway Station (Glen Huntly Road / Royal Avenue) – Public Transport Victoria”. www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
    12. ^ Full Point Footy, Southern Football League, retrieved 21 October 2008
    13. ^ Bridge, Carl, “Ponsford, William Harold (Bill) (1900–1991)”, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 2019-01-23
    14. ^ “All together now, sing”. The Age. 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2019-01-23.

    External links


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