Canterbury is an eastern suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 10 km from Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Boroondara. At the 2016 Census, Canterbury had a population of 8,056. Famed for its leafy green boulevards and substantial, opulent historic residences, Canterbury is one of Melbourne's most expensive and exclusive suburbs.
Canterbury extends as far as Mont Albert Road in the north, Burke Road in the west, Chatham and Highfield Roads in the east and Riversdale Road to the south. The main thoroughfare through Canterbury is Canterbury Road, which runs east-west and roughly bisects the suburb.
Canterbury is the home to many of Victoria's oldest and most prestigious private schools, including Camberwell Grammar School, Camberwell Girls Grammar School and Strathcona Baptist Girls Grammar School. Other schools include Camberwell High School, Canterbury Girls' Secondary College and Canterbury Primary School. Canterbury contains various parks and gardens and is home to the Camberwell Hockey Club in Matlock Street. The Canterbury Sports Ground, home of cricket and Australian football, is in Chatham Road.
The main shopping area in Canterbury is around the railway station and includes shops in Canterbury Road, as well as Maling Road. Larger shopping centres nearby include Burke Road in Camberwell and Whitehorse Road in Balwyn.
The railway station is in many ways responsible for the suburb's existence: before the opening of the railway to the City in 1882, the area was a semi-rural area. Even then, it was occupied by the well to do. Many of these early residents and in some cases, their properties, are remembered in the street names of the suburb, notably Logan Street and Monomeath Avenue.
Canterbury Post Office opened on 22 November 1870 (it was closed between 1887 and 1892).
The first subdivision in the area came in 1885, when Michael Logan created the 'Claremont Park Estate' within the area of Canterbury Road, Bryson Street, Prospect Hill Road and Logan Street.
At around this time, Edward Snowden settled on 7 hectares in the area centred on a manor he named Monomeath. In 1900 Snowden's estate was subdivided and sold off to form what is now Monomeath Avenue and residents such as notable architect Percey Kernot and prominent citizen George Coghill moved in. The road was paved in 1911 and lined with oak trees. Over time it has gained much cachet in Australian society, famed for its wealthy and sometimes eccentric residents.
In the 2016 Census, there were 8,056 people in Canterbury. 67.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 7.9%, England 3.7%, Malaysia 1.7%, New Zealand 1.6% and India 1.3%. 73.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 9.9%, Cantonese 2.4% and Italian 1.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 37.7%, Catholic 20.1% and Anglican 12.8%.
Canterbury is regarded as one of Melbourne's most exclusive suburbs, particularly the "Golden Mile" - a term referring to a part of Mont Albert Road, running west from Balwyn Road and the avenues that connect it to Canterbury Road, including Monomeath Avenue, which is lined by large, century old oak trees and grand ornate mansions and is home to many notable politicians and leaders of business and industry.
Other blue-chip locales along this stretch include Alexandra Avenue, Hopetoun Avenue, Victoria Avenue and The Ridge. It consistently ranks in the top three suburbs for average house prices in Melbourne.
Past and present residents of Monomeath Avenue include or have included:
- Kylie and Dannii Minogue's family.
- Mark Eddy - Australian GT Champion and Grand Prix Car Racer.
- Andrew Peacock - Former federal leader of the Liberal Party of Australia.
- Philip Barnes - Former City of Kew Councillor and Chairperson of Disability Justice Advocacy.
- Craig Saddler - Chairman of Boeing Australia.
- Sir Rupert Hamer - Former Premier of Victoria.
- Macfarlane Burnet - One of Australia's most famous and decorated scientists and the first ever Australian of the Year.
- CBE Leonard William Weickhardt - Former Chancellor of the University of Melbourne.
- Stan Wallis - Former chairman of Coles Myer and AMP Limited.
- Frank Cicutto - Former CEO of National Australia Bank.
- Russell Jones - Former CEO and Managing Director of Amcor.
- Philip Webb - Former President of the Real Estate Institute of Victoria.
- Thomas Watson Haynes - Manager and Director for multiple Australian companies in the first half of the 1900s.
- Anthony Podesta - Founder and CEO of McMillan Shakespeare.
- Xianwen Xu - China property developer. Set Canterbury's house price record in May 2008, when he bought Anthony Podesta's mansion for 9 million Australian dollars.
- Tom Schieffer - Former US Ambassador to Australia, and to Japan.
The suburb has an Australian rules football team, competing in the Yarra Junior Football League.
Canterbury has a number of primary and secondary schools in its vicinity. These include Canterbury Primary School, Camberwell High School, Strathcona Baptist Girls' Grammar School, and Canterbury Girls' School.
Places of Worship
- City of Camberwell - the former local government area of which Canterbury was a part
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canterbury (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 October 2018. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- Aussie Heritage. "Monomeath Avenue Streetscape, Canterbury, VIC". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
- Sale of Podesta’s Monomeath Avenue Palace Latest in String of International Megasales