Inverbrackie, South Australia
The area was first explored by Europeans in January 1838 when Dr George Imlay and John Hill passed through while making the first crossing of the Central Mount Lofty Ranges.[failed verification] The first European settlers were the family of John and Margaret Murdoch from Scotland, who pioneered a sheep station in early 1839, giving their name to Murdoch Valley and Murdoch Hill.[failed verification] Many subsequent pioneers were also of Scottish presbyterian origin, leading to the establishment in the early 1840s of a Church of Scotland church. Although initially populated by mainly Scottish settlers, a number of English and German settlers arrived later.
The geography is mostly well-watered hilly timbered country with some alluvial flats, which particularly lends itself to grazing. Dairy produce and pastoralism have long been mainstays of the economy, as well as limited grain and market garden cropping. Positioned as a stop-over for people travelling to Adelaide, the township originally consisted of a single church, a pub and a number of small houses. In 1863 gold was discovered in the district and the largest and richest mine, the Bird-in-Hand mine, opened in 1881. This provided local employment for many decades, until closed by flooding in the 1940s. Other than that, little commercial development has taken place. The district is quite picturesque which, with the growth of local wine production, has led to an increasing tourism industry.
In the early 1920s the Australian government made a series of land purchases that were part of the establishment of an Army camp known as Woodside Camp in 1927, now known as Woodside Barracks. Throughout the interwar years, the camp was occupied by units of the Citizens Forces. During the Second World War, the camp was used to raise units of the Second Australian Imperial Force and a number of US Army units were also based there. In the post war period the base has been home to a number of regular Army infantry units but since 1981 has only been occupied by the 16th Air Defence Regiment.
Refugee camp and Immigration detention facility
After the Second World War, Inverbrackie was the site of a refugee camp. In 2010, the Australian Federal Government announced that it would house refugees again. The 'Inverbrackie Alternative Place of Detention' was a low security, family orientated immigration detention centre, with the children attending local primary and high schools. The detention centre was managed by Serco and housed a maximum of 400 people. While there was some controversy regarding the establishment of the detention centre in the area, community anger subsided. In early 2014 it was announced that the Abbott government would close the facility by the end of the year, and there was speculation as to what the facility would be used for in the future. The last of the asylum seekers were moved out of Inverbrackie in mid December 2014.
- "Search results for 'Inverbrackie, LOCU' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and localities', 'Counties', 'Hundreds', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian Government. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
- "SOUTH AUSTRALIA". The Colonist. IV, (176). New South Wales, Australia. 7 March 1838. p. 2. Retrieved 4 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "untitled". Southern Australian. II, (72). South Australia. 16 October 1839. p. 3. Retrieved 4 April 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Woodside Barracks History". Australian Air Defence Artillery Association. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Woodside Camp". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Hills school welcomes asylum seeker children". The Advertiser. News Limited. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Brad Crouch (8 May 2011). "Inverbrackie a 'powder keg', say police, amid claims violent incidents are being covered up". Adelaide Now. News Limited. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Alice Monfries (9 July 2011). "Inside the secret world of Inverbrackie Detention Centre". Adelaide Now. News Limited. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Callie Watson (08 May 2014). http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/inverbrackie-detention-centre-to-be-closed-to-what-will-it-be-used-for/story-fni6uo1m-1226910855049 The Advertiser Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- Candice Marcus (12 December 2014). http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-12-12/detainees-moved-out-of-inverbrackie-detention-centre/5964224 ABC News Retrieved 14 January 2015.