Castambul

Gold specimen from the old Victoria gold mine.

Castambul is a small locality near Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the Adelaide Hills Council local government area.

History

Castambul was originally named Sixth Creek, but was renamed Castambul by Price Maurice after the Kastamonu (previously Kastambul) region in the Black Sea area of Turkey.

In the 1850s, Australia’s first payable gold mine (the Victoria) was located in the area.[1] The area was also home to Price Maurice, who moved to Castambul in 1856 and bred Angora goats for wool. Angora goats were introduced from Turkey to South Australia by John Haigh, who bred them near Port Lincoln. After purchasing Haigh’s flock, Maurice was impressed with their potential and soon sent to Turkey for additional animals. His enterprises in South Australia were very successful but he returned to Britain with his family in 1862 for health reasons.[2][3]

Kastambul Post Office opened on an unknown date and closed at the end of 1971.[4]

Today, very little exists of the old settlement.

In 1966, work started on the Kangaroo Creek Reservoir, a dam of the River Torrens, and in 1969, it was completed at a cost of $5.3 million. Apart from supplying water to eastern Adelaide, it also serves a flood protection role and holds 19,160 megalitres.[5]

Geography

Castambul is located east of Montacute on the road out of Adelaide via Athelstone (Gorge Road).

Facilities

Castambul has a CSR calcite quarry and tea gardens, both located on Gorge Road, and the former Victoria Goldmine on Batchelor Road is a heritage-listed site.[6]

Transport

The area is not serviced by Adelaide public transport.

References

  1. ^ Victoria Gold Mine at Mindat.org
  2. ^ Adelaide Hills Council – Historical Town Information Archived 25 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 15 June 2006
  3. ^ Maurice Home Page, John Kirkwood. Retrieved 9 July 2006
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. “Post Office List”. Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
  5. ^ “SA Water – Kangaroo Creek Reservoir”. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2006.
  6. ^ Understanding South Australia’s Built Heritage Archived 24 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine, Department of Environment and Heritage, last amended March 2006. Retrieved 9 July 2006.