Ben Boyd National Park

Ben Boyd National Park is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, 578 km (359 mi)[2] south of Sydney.

History

The park is named after the entrepreneur Ben Boyd who had a variety of interests in the far South Coast of New South Wales including whaling and farming. The park itself was established in 1971. Originally 8,900 hectares in size, it has been expanded to 10,486 hectares.[1][3]

The Pinnacles, with white sand overlain by red clay

Boyd commissioned the construction of a sandstone tower overlooking the entrance to the harbour of Twofold Bay to alert whaling crews of the approach of their prey. The tower was never completed.[4]

Description

The park consists of two sections, on either side of Twofold Bay and the town of Eden. The smaller northern section is bounded on its western border by the Princes Highway. The geology of this section is mainly sedimentary rock (ironstone and clay) laid down in the Paleogene, with some quartzite outcrops. The main attraction for tourists is the Pinnacles, a multicoloured erosion gully with white sands overlaying rusty red clay. The southern section coastline is metamorphic and Devonian in age, with some heavily folded sections at Red Point, near Boyd's tower.[5]

The park is fairly flat, with none of the northern section exceeding 100 metres in elevation, and the southern section not much higher; the tallest peak is Haycock Hill at 252 metres.[5] The region is particularly windy, dry and cold, and the headlands are covered in a low ground-hugging heathland community of plants. Further inland, the heath is replaced by open eucalypt woodland, which makes up most of the park's habitat.[3] The two dominant tree species are silvertop ash (Eucalyptus sieberi) and red bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera).[6] There are also scattered pockets of rainforest in gullies and protected areas, with species such as the scentless rosewood (Synoum glandulosum) and smooth mock-olive (Notelaea venosa).[7]

Wildlife

212 species of bird have been recorded in the park, with the heathlands being home to the eastern ground parrot and endangered eastern bristlebird.[6] The little tern breeds in the sand dunes and beaches and is threatened by recreational four-wheel driving.[8] The park forms part of the Ulladulla to Merimbula Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for swift parrots.[9]

Fifty species of mammal have been recorded.[10] Pests recorded include cats and foxes, both which have covered the park, occasional feral dogs, and rabbits in previously cleared areas and picnic areas. Bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera) is a problem weed north of the Pambula River.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Department of Environment Climate Change and Water Annual Report 2009-10". Department of Environment Climate Change and Water. November 2010: 274–275. ISSN 1838-5958. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "Great Circle Distance between BEN+BOYD+NATIONAL+PARK and SYDNEY". Geosciences Australia website. Commonwealth of Australia. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b Wright, p. 223.
  4. ^ Searle, Garry. "Ben Boyd Tower". SeaSide Lights. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b Wright, p. 220.
  6. ^ a b Wright, p. 224.
  7. ^ "Ben Boyd National Park: Native vegetation". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
  8. ^ Wright, p. 225.
  9. ^ BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ulladulla to Merimbula. Downloaded from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-09-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) on 2012-01-02.
  10. ^ "Ben Boyd National Park: Native animals". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Ben Boyd National Park: Pest animals and weeds". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 10 May 2011.

Cited text

  • Wright, Peter (1996). National Parks of Southern NSW. Rosebery, NSW: Bridge Printery. ISBN 0-9587590-1-4.

External links