Blackwood, South Australia
The name "Blackwood" probably comes from either the Acacia melanoxylon, also known as the Australian blackwood, which grows in the nearby Mount Lofty Ranges, or the Eucalyptus odorata, which grows in Blackwood and has dark bark.
The earliest reference to Blackwood was a mention of Blackwood Vale Farm in 1847, though this is in present-day Glenalta. One of the earliest places named for Blackwood was the Blackwood Inn, which opened in 1869. In 1880 it changed names to the Belair Hotel. Belair Post Office opened on 3 April 1859 and was renamed Blackwood in 1881, when the Belair office was moved some distance away. The first land grants in the area had been made in 1840, and various churches were established throughout the 19th century, but most development in Blackwood didn't take place until the Adelaide to Aldgate section of the Adelaide-Wolseley railway line was opened, with Blackwood railway station opening in 1883. Land was subdivided for housing at about the same time and the railway line was later connected all the way to Melbourne.
Places of interest
Blackwood Soldiers' Memorial was erected in 1921 in the most prominent place in Blackwood: the five-ways roundabout. It is a place of Local Heritage, listed for being "a notable landmark in the area".
Wittunga Botanic Garden, originally a private property with English gardens established in 1901, is located in Blackwood and features displays of Australian and South African plants.
St Peters Lutheran School is also located on Cumming Street, opposite to the Blackwood Football Club oval, bordering the suburb of Craigburn Farm.
The neighbouring suburb of Craigburn Farm has become a popular residential area since the estate of Blackwood Park was established in 1998. The estate consists of three distinct 'nodes', each divided by tree-lined gullies and significant areas of open space. The newest 'node', "Meridian" is bordered by the Sturt River and Sturt Gorge Recreation Park, including a range of various walking and riding trails with views across Flagstaff Hill, Aberfoyle Park, Happy Valley, stretching down to the coast. There is diverse fauna in the park that wanders into Craigburn Farm including kangaroos, koalas, and echidnas. Many waterfalls, creeks and gullies are also scattered and found throughout the area.
Uniting (former Methodist), Anglican, Church of Christ, Baptist, Roman Catholic and Lutheran churches are located in Blackwood, as well as Pentecostal churches including the Hills Christian Family Centre and Frontier Christian centre.
Since the late nineteenth century Main Road Blackwood and surrounding areas have formed a vibrant and diverse food and retail centre.
Blackwood railway station is a transport hub with buses to Adelaide and the outer Southern suburbs, and trains to Adelaide and Belair.
The Blackwood area was home to the Coromandel (4 August 1945 – 13 August 1970) and its successor, the Coromandel Times (20 August 1970 – 18 March 1976), published weekly by the Blackwood Progress Association. On 22 January 1970, it changed from a Saturday to a Thursday paper.
It is also home to a regional publication, The Blackwood Times. The publication, first issued in December 1994, describes itself as "a tabloid size, monthly newspaper, delivered free of charge to over 13,000 households and businesses in Belair, Bellevue Heights, Blackwood, Eden Hills, Coromandel Valley, Glenalta, Hawthorndene, Blackwood Park, Upper Sturt, Aberfoyle Park and Flagstaff Hill." Besides local news and events, it also contains information related to the activities of Mitcham Council.
The suburbs of Blackwood, Glenalta and Craigburn Farm had a combined population of 6,379 in 2,596 households in 2001. Norman Tindale, an anthropologist, archaeologist and entomologist, lived in his Blackwood residence "Kurlge" from 1955 to 1969. The hip hop group the Hilltop Hoods and country singer Beccy Cole (whose song Blackwood Hill references the suburb) are from the area. Award-winning screen composer and filmmaker grew up in Blackwood. Independent Hip-Hop artist Allday also grew up in Blackwood.
Blackwood is in the state electorate of Waite, represented in the South Australian House of Assembly by Liberal MP Sam Duluk and in the federal electorate of Boothby, represented in the Australian House of Representatives by Liberal MP Nicolle Flint. Blackwood has a relatively high vote for the Greens when compared to the rest of its electorate and state, and its state electorate of Waite also has a typically high vote in favour of the Liberal Party.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blackwood (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Blackwood (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "The Manning Index of South Australian History - Blackwood". State Library, South Australia. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
- "History of Blackwood". Blackwood Business Network. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2008.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "Blackwood Park". Retrieved 2018-12-31.
- Laube, Anthony. "LibGuides: SA Newspapers: C-E". guides.slsa.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- The Coromandel [newspaper]. [Blackwood, S. Aust: Blackwood Progress Association. 1945.
- "About The Blackwood Times". The Blackwood Times | Community News. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
- The Blackwood times [newspaper: microform]. Blackwood, S.Aust: Miles Badcock. 1994.
- "Community Profile". City of Mitcham. Retrieved 12 July 2008.
- "Beccy Cole". Postcards SA. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2008.
- "Waite District Results". www.ecsa.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-12-31.