Blackburn is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 17 kilometres (11 mi) east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Whitehorse. At the 2011 Census, Blackburn had a population of 12,796.
The origin of the name Blackburn is not certain, but may have been after an early settler or James Blackburn, who designed Yan Yean Reservoir. It lies within the City of Whitehorse, in Melbourne's eastern suburbs.
Blackburn is bounded in the west by Middleborough Road, in the north by Springfield Road, in the east by an irregular line along streets to the east of Blackburn Lake Sanctuary and in the south by Canterbury Road.
Europeans first settled the area of Blackburn in the 1841s. The area was densely wooded, though orchards and small farms were soon developed. In 1861 the Traveller's Rest Hotel was built on the current site of the Blackburn Hotel. Blackburn Creek Post Office opened on 10 January 1876 and was renamed Blackburn in 1883.
During the land boom of the 1880s, brickworks and quarries were established in the area. Blackburn railway station was built in 1882. A primary school was established in 1889.
Though the area near the railway station was subdivided in the 19th Century, development was slow and most houses in the suburb were not built until after the Second World War.
A large part of Blackburn is of historical significance, as it was built around the artificial Blackburn Lake in 1889, now known as Blackburn Lake Sanctuary, with the lake in the middle of the sanctuary. This was a popular day trip destination by train in the late nineteenth century. Some Australian artists painted in the bush around the Blackburn and Box Hill areas. Of these, Roberts and McCubbin are the best known. The area is protected by strict planning controls restricting development and has retained a village atmosphere.
In the 2011 census the population of Blackburn was 12,796, approximately 51.1% female and 48.9% male.
The median/average age of the people in Blackburn is 40 years of age.
70.8% of people living in the suburb of Blackburn were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were 3.6% England, 3.6% China, 2.4% India, 1.4% New Zealand, 1.3% Malaysia, 0.7% Hong Kong, 0.7% Korea, Republic of, 0.6% Germany, 0.6% Italy, 0.6% Sri Lanka, 0.6% Vietnam, 0.5% South Africa, 0.4% Scotland, 0.4% Netherlands.
78.8% of people living in Blackburn speak English only. The other top languages spoken are 4.4% Language spoken at home not stated, 3.9% Mandarin, 2.3% Cantonese, 1.2% Other, 1.0% Punjabi, 1.0% Greek, 0.9% Italian, 0.6% Other, 0.6% Korean.
The religious makeup of Blackburn is 29.3% No religion, 21.3% Catholic, 12.6% Anglican, 9.2% Religious affiliation not stated, 6.1% Uniting Church, 4.0% Baptist, 2.5% Christian, nfd, 2.3% Presbyterian and Reformed, 2.3% Buddhism, 2.0% Eastern Orthodox.
The median individual income is $667 per week and the median household income is $1508 per week.
The median rent in Blackburn is $335 per week and the median mortgage repayment is $2000 per month.
Blackburn contains two railway stations, Laburnum and Blackburn, on the Belgrave and Lilydale lines, the former of which services the locality of Laburnum, in the western part of the suburb. Blackburn is also home of the 1st/8th Blackburn Scout Group and The Nerve Centre.
Blackburn enjoys three significant bushland parks: the Blackburn Lake Sanctuary, the Blackburn Creeklands park (comprising Blacks Walk, Kalang Park and Furness Park) which follows Gardiners Creek, and Cootamundra Walk.
There are many sporting clubs for all ages:
- The suburb has an Australian Rules football team, The Blackburn Panthers' (known as 'The Burners'), competing in the Eastern Football League.
- Cricket: Blackburn Cricket Club, Blackburn North Cricket Club, Blackburn South Cricket Club, Laburnum Cricket Club (formerly Nunawading Churches of Christ Cricket Club)
- Soccer: Blackburn Soccer Club, Blackburn North Baptist Soccer Club
- Netball (Juniors): Blackburn South Netball Club, St Thomas Netball Club, Laburnum Netball Club, Blackburn Burners Netball Club and Blackburn lake netball club.
- Tennis: Blackburn Tennis Club
- Basketball: Blackburn Vikings - teams playing in the Victorian Junior Basketball League (Juniors) and the BigV Competition (Senior)
There are six schools in Blackburn: Laburnum Primary School, Blackburn Primary School, Blackburn Lake Primary School, Old Orchard Primary School St Thomas the Apostle Primary School and Blackburn High School.
- Edith Coleman (1874-1951), naturalist and well known nature writer who lived at Walsham on Blackburn Road. Famed for her work on orchid pollination, she was the first woman to be awarded the Australian Natural History Medallion.  Married to pioneering motorist, James G Coleman, who founded the RACV.
- Josh Gibson, footballer for the Hawthorn in the AFL. He grew up in Blackburn.
- City of Nunawading - A former Local Government Area which Blackburn was a part of.
- Laburnum, Victoria
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blackburn (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- Full Point Footy, Eastern Football League, archived from the original on 1 January 2009, retrieved 21 October 2008
- McEvey, Allan. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- Danielle,, Clode,. The wasp and the orchid : the remarkable life of Australian naturalist Edith Coleman. Sydney, New South Wales. ISBN 9781760554286. OCLC 1030336921.
- Waiting game is over for Hawk Archived 6 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine