Rose Bay is a harbourside, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rose Bay is located seven kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government areas of Waverley Council (east of Old South Head Road) and Municipality of Woollahra (on its western side towards the bay).
Rose Bay has views of both the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge together. Lyne Park abuts Sydney Harbour on its west. Shark Island is located in Sydney Harbour, just north of Rose Bay.
Rose Bay was named after the Right Honourable George Rose, who was joint Secretary to the British Treasury with Thomas Steele, after whom Steel(e) Point at Nielsen Park was named. The name Rose Bay was used as early as 1788 by Captain John Hunter. HMAS Tingira, named after an Aboriginal word for 'open sea' was moored in Rose Bay from 1912 to 1927. It was used to train over 3,000 Australian sailors, many for service in World War I. There is a small park on the Rose Bay waterfront which commemorates Tingira.
From 1938, seaplane flights to and from London began and terminated in Sydney Harbour on Rose Bay, making it Sydney's first international airport, and what is now Rose Bay Water Airport. On 14 September 1945, nine Catalina flying boats landed and moored at the Rose Bay wharf, repatriating Australian prisoners of war who were survivors of Japanese camps. Sydneysiders looked on in silence, aghast at the emaciated state of the returning soldiers. There is a nearby restaurant called Catalina, referencing the aircraft of the same name.
From the 1950s, Ansett Flying Boat Services operated regular scheduled flights to Lord Howe Island from a small seaplane terminal and jetty on the Rose Bay foreshore. Later the flights were operated by four-engined Short Sandringhams. The service was discontinued in 1974 when the island's new airport was completed. Currently three different seaplane carriers, two of which are operated as trading names of Krug Agencies Pty Ltd, offer scenic flights around Sydney Harbour and up to Palm Beach. Also popular are lunch packages to several water front restaurants on the Hawkesbury River.
Rose Bay has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 3-4 Fernleigh Gardens: Site of Ficus superba var. henneana tree
- New South Head Road: Rose Bay Sea Wall
- 1-7 Salisbury Road: Salisbury Court (Rose Bay)
Rose Bay Cottage
Rose Bay Cottage and also known as Salisbury Court, located in Salisbury Road, was built in 1834 by the important colonial architect, John Verge, for James Holt who, at the time, managed the 'Cooper Estate'. When built, it was the only house on the 'Estate', with the possible exception of Henrietta Villa, Captain Piper's previous home on Point Piper. The house was built as a single-storey residence of about 225 square metres (2,420 sq ft) with a verandah, over a similar sized stone cellar. Adjacent to it was an earlier structure (c. 1820s) which was apparently adopted as a kitchen. The house was significantly enlarged by sympathetic additions between 1837 and 1850 and the kitchen wing was joined to the main house forming a courtyard. By the end of this period the house had more than doubled in size. From 1861 until 1911, the house was usually known as Rose Bay Lodge; it has also been known as Salisbury Court. It was surrounded by extensive gardens embellished by five working fountains fed from a water source above on the slopes of Bellevue Hill which later fed Woollahra House, built in 1883 on Point Piper. One of the fountains still remains. Prominent occupiers of the house included Sir Daniel Cooper, Walter Lamb and John Hay - they were all noted businessmen and parliamentarians. In 1911, the property, then of 1.6 hectares (4 acres), was sub-divided and surrounded by other houses. During the next fifty years the old house suffered extensive unsympathetic additions including a second storey over the original Verge cottage which converted the house to twelve flats. It has subsequently been restored according to strict conservation standards and the unsympathetic additions removed. The house is listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register.
Fernleigh Castle was built in 1892, incorporating part of a sandstone cottage that dated back to 1874. Aptly named, it resembles a castle with its turrets, castellated towers and square Norman tower. Its sandstone structure contains thirty rooms and a number of stained-glass windows. Fernleigh Castle is on the (now defunct) Register of the National Estate.
Rose Bay Police Station
This police station originally started life as the gatekeeper's lodge in the estate of Woollahra House, a nineteenth-century mansion that has long gone. The surviving building was designed in a Victorian Classical Revival style which is attributed to 'Hilly and Mansfield' and which probably tells us what Woollahra House looked like. It was built in 1871 and features rendered walls punctuated with pilasters. Sympathetically restored, it is now on the (now defunct) Register of the National Estate.
Educational facilities and history
Rose Bay is home to two independent schools: Kambala (1887), an Anglican, day and boarding school for girls from Pre-school to Year 12; and Kincoppal - Rose Bay (1882), a Catholic, day and boarding school with a co-educational primary school and girls-only high school. Kincoppal - Rose Bay was originally Rose Bay Convent but amalgamated with Kincoppal Elizabeth Bay in the late 1970s to become "Kincoppal - Rose Bay School of the Sacred Heart". The prep school campus of Cranbrook School (1918) is also located in the suburb. McAuley Primary School is a Catholic school for Kindergarten to Year 6. It was opened in 1967 on the site that had been a Christian Brothers High School from 1935 to 1966.
Public schools in the suburb are Rose Bay Secondary College (2004) and Rose Bay Public School (1891). Rose Bay Secondary College was formed by the amalgamation of Vaucluse High School and Dover Heights High School. Originally these schools were known as Vaucluse Boys High, Dover Heights Boys High and Dover Heights Girls High. The cost of improving the public school facilities at Rose Bay was linked to the sale of the campus at Vaucluse. Despite a surge in enrolments and an unmet demand for public high school places in the area, the Vaucluse campus was sold in February 2007 by the Government of New South Wales for $30M to become a seniors community development site.
The Convent of the Sacred Heart overlooks the bay and can be seen from many vantage points around Sydney Harbour. The site was originally occupied by a house called Claremont, which was built in 1852. The convent incorporated this house when it was built in 1888. Designed by John Horbury Hunt, the new building was of five storeys in height and made of sandstone that was quarried at the site. It included a Gothic Revival Chapel and is regarded as one of Hunt's most successful creations. It now houses the Kincoppal-Rose Bay school for girls. The building has a Federal heritage listing.
The Rose Bay ferry wharf provides access to the Double Bay ferry services. There are frequent State Transit buses to and from the centre of Sydney via Kings Cross as well as other points and out to Watsons Bay and the coast. Seaplane operators offer scenic flights over Sydney itself as well as a number of excursions along the coast as well as some scheduled services to Newcastle with aircraft operating out of the seaplane terminal near Rose Bay ferry terminal.
Sport and recreation
Since 1908, Rose Bay has been represented in one of Australia's most popular sporting competitions, the National Rugby League, by the Sydney Roosters, officially known as the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club.
There are two golf courses located in Rose Bay. Woollahra Golf Club is a public 9-hole course and Royal Sydney Golf Club is a private 27-hole championship course, not open to the public.
The 3rd Rose Bay Rovers group is an active Rovers group based in the Scouts Hall located in Vickery Avenue, opposite Woollahra Sailing Club.
Rose Bay is home to the Waverley Amateur Radio Society, Australia's longest continuously licensed amateur radio club. The club meets on a regular basis at the Scouts Hall located in Vickery Avenue.
Rose Bay beach (also known locally as Dog Beach) is at the far eastern end of the bay and as the name suggests is a popular beach for dog owners and also a safe place to swim.
According to the 2016 census, the population of Rose Bay (including Vaucluse) was 10,053. 54.0% of people in Rose Bay are Australian-born, compared to 59.9% for the wider Sydney area. Of the immigrants, most are from South Africa (8.7%), then England (5.3%), New Zealand (2.4%), Israel (1.7%) and China (1.3%).
Of Rose Bay's population, 27.3% stated they were Jewish, 24.0% said they had no religion, 17.2% said they were Catholic, 11.6% did not state a religion and 9.7% said they were Anglican. The median weekly household income was $2,272, compared to the Australian median of $1,438.
Data released by Sensis showed that in 2015 the Hebrew surname Cohen (i.e. Priest) was Rose Bay's top-ranked surname, followed second by the Anglo surname Smith, and third the European (mostly Ashkenazi Jewish) surname Kaplan (i.e. Priest). The first and third top-ranking surnames reflecting the Jewish population plurality of the suburb.
Rose Bay has been the centre of Sydney's Jewish community, including all over the Eastern Suburbs. It is still a strong centre for the Jewish population of Sydney, and has attracted a sizeable number of immigrants from Israel, South Africa and Russia.
According to the 2016 census, there are 2,645 flats in Rose Bay, or 68.5% of all dwellings, compared to an Australian average of 13.1%. There are also 852 separate houses (22.1%) and 321 semi/terraces (8.3%). Of these, 43.2% are rented, 30.1% are fully owned and 22.7% are being purchased.
In popular culture
Elizabeth Harrower's debut novel, Down in the City, begins in Rose Bay. It depicts the character Esther Prescott, who is transported from a sheltered, genteel life in the harbourside suburb to a King's Cross apartment with her moody, unpredictable husband Stan.
- Timothy Conigrave, actor and writer
- Russell Crowe, actor and film producer
- Russell Drysdale, painter
- Jodhi Meares, fashion designer and model
- Peter Overton, television journalist and news presenter
- Jessica Rowe, television news presenter and media personality
- Robert Towns, Member of the Legislative Council and founder of Townsville, Queensland
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rose Bay (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Peter Roland: The Right Honourable George Rose. (1989). Woollahra History and Heritage Society Inc.
- "Tingira Memorial Park". 2009. Archived from the original on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Returning POWs". Peter Dunn. 2006. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 225.
- "Site of Ficus superba var. henneana tree". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00578. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Rose Bay Sea Wall, Promenade and its setting". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01932. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- "Salisbury Court". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00251. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/134
- "Fernleigh Castle, 5 Fernleigh Gdn, Rose Bay, NSW, Australia (Place ID 2495)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
- "Woollahra and Surrounds Schools Directory" (PDF). Woollahra Municipal Council. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
- "McAuley Catholic Primary School". sites.google.com. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
- "Site snapped up for seniors". Wentworth Courier. 15 February 2007.
- The Heritage of Australia, Manmillan Company, 1981, p.2/138
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Greater Sydney". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Strom, Marcus; Ting, Inga (8 August 2016). "New data shows top surnames by Sydney suburb". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
- Kim Hanna (2014). "Rose Bay Airport". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 29 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- 3rd Rose Bay Rovers Website