The City of Lake Macquarie is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia and was proclaimed a city from 7 September 1984. The area is situated adjacent to the city of Newcastle and is part of the Greater Newcastle Area. The city is approximately 150 km (93 mi) north of Sydney. One of its major tourist attractions is its lake, also named Lake Macquarie.
Main towns and villages
Lake Macquarie is home to several prominent coastal suburbs such as Catherine Hill Bay, Caves Beach, Blacksmiths Beach and Redhead. Retail centres include Belmont, Cardiff, Charlestown, Glendale, Swansea, Toronto, and Morisset with its large area and rapidly increasing developments.
Significant population centres include:
- Mount Hutton
- Warners Bay
The Australian Bureau of Statistics classifies various towns and suburbs in the LGA as being part of the Newcastle Statistical District. The City of Lake Macquarie has its own independent local government (Lake Macquarie City Council). The largest commercial centre in the region is Charlestown.
The area is a set of contiguous towns that surround a coastal saltwater lake. These towns merge with the suburbs of Newcastle to the north. Some suburbs, such as Adamstown Heights are partly in the City of Newcastle and partly within the City of Lake Macquarie. There are 92 identified settlements ranging from small rural style communities through to larger and higher density areas such as Toronto, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown and Morisset.
At the 2011 census, there were 189,006 people in the Lake Macquarie local government area, of these 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population, which was higher than the national and state averages. The median age of people in the City of Lake Macquarie was 41 years, which was significantly higher than the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 18.6% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 18.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 51.0% were married and 12.2% were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Lake Macquarie between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 3.36%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 3.20%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Lake Macquarie local government area was approximately half the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Lake Macquarie was marginally below the national average.
At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Lake Macquarie local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Celtic exceeded 81% of all residents (national average was 65.2%). In excess of 58% of all residents in the City of Lake Macquarie nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 census, which was slightly higher than the national average of 50.2%. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the Lake Macquarie local government area had a significantly lower than average proportion (5.4%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a significantly higher proportion (93.0%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%).
|Population||Estimated residents on Census night||177,185||183,138||189,006||197,371|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales||4th||4th||13th|
|% of New South Wales population||2.73%||2.64%|
|% of Australian population||0.94%||0.92%||0.88%||0.84%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Presbyterian and Reformed||4.4%||4.0%||3.6%|
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$394||A$520||A$609|
|% of Australian median income||84.5%||90.1%||92%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$922||A$1,396||A$1,610|
|% of Australian median income||89.8%||94.3%||92.8%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,102||A$1,177||A$1,313|
|% of Australian median income||94.1%||90.5% b||91.3%|
Lake Macquarie has a significant coal mining industry and smaller agriculture and manufacturing industries. Eraring power station, a 1980s-era coal-fired power station, supplies 25% of New South Wales' power. Lake Macquarie has a number of Constructed Wetlands with the council placing an emphasis on the environment.
Current composition and election method
Lake Macquarie City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The mayor is directly elected while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on the 10th of September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the mayor, is as follows:
|Independent Lake Alliance||1|
|Lake Mac Independents||3|
The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:
|East Ward||Adam Shultz||Labor|
|John Gilbert||Lake Mac Independents|
|North Ward||Brian Adamthwaite||Labor|
|Colin Grigg||Lake Mac Independents|
|West Ward||David Belcher||Labor|
|Wendy Harrison||Independent Lake Alliance|
|Luke Cubis||Lake Mac Independents|
Major shopping centres include:
Arts and culture
Lake Macquarie has a number of cultural and artistic locations:
- Dobell House - last residence of William Dobell, Wangi Wangi
- Finite Gallery, Caves Beach Fine Arts and Crafts
- Lake Macquarie City Art Gallery, Booragul
- Richmond Vale Railway Museum, Richmond Vale
- South Sea Islands Museum and Sunnyside Historic Home, Cooranbong
- The Friends of Rathmines Incorporated, Rathmines Park
- Hakodate, Hokkaidō, Japan
- Tanagura, Fukushima, Japan
- Rotorua, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
- Round Rock, Texas, United States of America 
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- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lake Macquarie (C) (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
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- "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - East Ward" (PDF).
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- "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - West Ward" (PDF).
- "Arts and Culture - Lake Macquarie NSW Accommodation & Holiday Rentals - tourist visitor information & guide, accommodation bookings, attractions, activities, NSW maps & much more". Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Sister Cities". Lake Macquarie City Council. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Round Rock, Texas Political Structure". Round Rock City Council. Retrieved 12 February 2020.