The South Australia Portal
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.76 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.
South Australia shares borders with all of the other mainland states, and with the Northern Territory; it is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory, to the north-east by Queensland, to the east by New South Wales, to the south-east by Victoria, and to the south by the Great Australian Bight. The state comprises less than 8 percent of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the six states and two territories. The majority of its people reside in greater Metropolitan Adelaide. Most of the remainder are settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray. The state's colonial origins are unique in Australia as a freely settled, planned British province, rather than as a convict settlement. Colonial government commenced on 28 December 1836, when the members of the council were sworn in near the Old Gum Tree.
As with the rest of the continent, the region has a long history of human occupation by numerous tribes and languages. The South Australian Company established a temporary settlement at Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, on 26 July 1836, five months before Adelaide was founded. The guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield that was later employed by the New Zealand Company. The goal was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance. Although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant. Today, it is known for its fine wine and numerous cultural festivals. The state's economy is dominated by the agricultural, manufacturing and mining industries.
Selected article -
NASA – Visible Earth, Nullarbor. The true Nullarbor is the light tan semi-circular area adjacent to the coast. Image acquired by the Terra
on 19 August 2002
The Nullarbor Plain
feminine of nullus
, 'no', and arbor
, 'tree') is part of the area of flat, almost treeless, arid
or semi-arid country of southern Australia, located on the Great Australian Bight
coast with the Great Victoria Desert
to its north. It is the world's largest single exposure of limestone bedrock
, and occupies an area of about 200,000 square kilometres (77,000 sq mi). At its widest point, it stretches about 1,100 kilometres (684 mi) from east to west across the border between South Australia
and Western Australia
. Read more...
Selected Picture -
Skyshow was an annual fireworks event held in the South Australian capital of Adelaide since 1985. The half-hour fireworks display is synchronised to pop music and presented by local commercial radio station SAFM. Originating as an Australia Day celebration, the event was subsequently moved to late summer, usually February.
The following are images from various South Australia-related articles on Wikipedia.
Rapid Bay, South Australia in 1950 with its limestone quarry and jetty for loading limestone onto ships
Old Parliament House in 1872
500 class engine No.502 hauling a freight train in at Eden Hills, August 1953.
An aerial view of Murray Bridge in 1953 showing rail and road bridges, and also paddle steamers.
The windjammer Admiral Karpfanger moored at Port Germein jetty in South Australia.
Aboriginal Family Travelling by W.A. Cawthorne.
Camel train, with wool from Nappamerry being unloaded at the Railway Station, 1928.
Goolwa to Port Elliot tramway circa 1860.
Wallaroo jetty in 1909, showing shipping, launches, and grain waiting for loading.
Aborigines attack squatters sleeping near Lake Hope
Ships docked at Port Adelaide in 1910.
Köppen climate types in South Australia
The clipper 'Yatala', 1127 tons, at Port Adelaide circa 1870.
Loading grain from horse drawn wagons to the ketch 'Free Selector' on Kangaroo Island
Satellite image of eastern South Australia. Note the dry lakes (white patches) in the north
Saint Mary Mackillop (1842–1909) co-founded an order of nuns in rural South Australia in 1866 and became the first Australian saint of the Catholic Church in 2010.
The Proclamation of South Australia 1836, Charles Hill.
South Australian suffragette Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910). In 1895 women in South Australia were among the first in the world to attain the vote and were the first to be able to stand for parliament.
A camel train in the desert, with each of the camels loaded with two bales of wool from Arrabura Station, 1931.
Road transport in South Australia
The Paddle Steamer P. S. Sapphire on the Murray River with a barge.
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