Parafield Gardens is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. The suburb is largely residential, with a pocket of industrial land in the southwest corner. There are two small shopping centres in the area, one on Salisbury Highway, and another on Sheperdson Road.
Kaurna people occupied the land now called Parafield Gardens prior to European settlement. An Aboriginal heritage site within the Greenfield Industrial Estate indicates that Aboriginal settlement may have existed in the area for thousands of years.
Parafield Gardens was originally a subdivision of section 2258 of the Hundred of Yatala enclosing land south of the Little Para River and Kings Road and northeast of today's Salisbury Highway. In 1881 the government proposed the creation of a general cemetery on the subdivision but the plan was abandoned by 1906. Land in the subdivision began to be used as an experimental agricultural farm, followed by a poultry farm in 1911, known as Parafield Farm. In 1958, Matters & Co. offered residential land in the area bounded by Salisbury Highway, Shepherdson Road, Sunderland Avenue, and Catalina Avenue. In the 1970s the South Australian Housing Trust began building properties in the area. At some time between then and 2000 the suburb name of Parafield Gardens was formally adopted. The Pine Lakes Estate was established in the early 2000s southwest of the intersection of Salisbury Highway and Kings Road.
Parafield Gardens Post Office opened on 25 September 1961.
Parafield Gardens has five schools in its area and four of which are public. Karrendi Primary School, founded in 1969, is a public primary school on Bradman Road. Parafield Gardens High School, opened in 1976, is a public secondary school situated next to Parafield Gardens R-7 School, a public primary school like Karrendi except larger. Parafield Gardens Primary, Parafield Gardens High and the private primary school, Holy Family Catholic School are all on Sheperdson Road. A fourth primary school, The Pines School, is located on Andrew Smith Drive.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Parafield Gardens (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Parafield Gardens (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Little Para Trails (PDF), City of Salisbury, 2013, retrieved 11 February 2020,
The first people of the Salisbury area were the Kaurna people. Many occupational and sacred sites still exist around the Salisbury area. The name ‘Little Para River’ is derived from ‘Pari’, the Kaurna word for water. The river passes through a landscape that has seen the Kaurna people living in partnership with the land.
- "Parafield Gardens", SA Location Viewer, Gazetteer, Government of South Australia, SA0053343, retrieved 11 February 2020,
Originally a private subdivision of Section 2258. Proposal by residents of the "Pine Lakes Estate" in 2002 to alter their portion of the suburb to Pine Lakes not proceeded with following such ruling from the Minister for Administrative Services. Proposal by City of Salisbury to add the residential portion of Green Fields in 2006 not supported by residents and therefore withdrawn by Council.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "Karrendi Primary School".
- "Parafield Gardens High School".
- "Parafield Gardens R-7 School".
- "Holy Family Catholic School". Archived from the original on 23 February 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- "The Pines School".