The North–South Motorway (route M2) is an incomplete planned motorway traversing the inner western suburbs of Adelaide from Waterloo Corner in the north to Bedford Park in the south. It is planned to be a non-stop north–south route overlaying the same motor traffic corridor as South Road by grade separation. The motorway is to be the central section of Adelaide's North–South Corridor, being flanked north and south by the Northern Expressway and Southern Expressway, respectively.

In 2010 the Australian Government, through the Nation Building Program project, committed $500 million and the South Australian Government committed $432 million to the North–South Corridor over five years. This funding allocation recognised that South Road is the only continuous link between the northern and southern suburbs as well as the spine connecting Adelaide's major inter-modal transport hubs – Adelaide Airport, , Port Adelaide and Outer Harbor.[2]

In May 2015 a government strategy paper indicated the entire non-stop north–south road corridor would be completed by 2025, including "an upgraded South Road".[3] It stated the planned "non-stop motorway" would "cater for the unimpeded flow of longer distance northbound and southbound trips" and would not include "at-grade traffic signals, intersections, junctions or property accesses which cause vehicles to slow down or stop".[3]

Sections

The motorway is divided into sections for the purposes of construction. As of March 2020, three sections are complete and one is under construction. From north to south the sections are:

Section Status Opened
Northern Connector Complete 7 March 2020
South Road Superway Complete 13 March 2014
Regency Road to Pym Street Under construction planned 2022
Torrens Road to River Torrens Complete 29 September 2018
River Torrens to Darlington Unfunded, under investigation N/A
The planned extent of the North–South Motorway is shown in orange within Adelaide's north–south corridor

Northern Connector

Plans for a motorway connecting South Road and the Northern Expressway surfaced in early 2008 when the Northern Expressway was awaiting construction; the Northern Connector would be an eight-lane motorway linking the Northern Expressway and South Road, with three intermediate interchanges.[4] The project was proposed to also include a major diversion in the main ARTC interstate rail line, which would run down the middle of the new connector freeway between Dry Creek, South Australia and Taylors Road at Waterloo Corner.[5] The federal government also proposed that it could be the state's first toll road.[6]

On 14 September 2015, the Premier of South Australia, Jay Weatherill and Prime Minister of Australia Tony Abbott announced that the road component of the project would start construction in early 2016. The federal government would provide A$788M towards an expected total cost of A$985M. The project was reduced to three lanes each way with two intermediate interchanges; the railway component was also removed, though a corridor has been reserved on the western side of the motorway for future use.[7] The road is not subject to direct tolls, but South Australia will become a testing ground for a "network fee" which involves charging trucks based on road use and impact in place of high registration fees.[8]

The first new bridge to open to traffic was the bridge over the new motorway at the Waterloo Corner interchange. This bridge was opened on 26 March 2019 to provide the new access route into St Kilda, replacing several roads that had been cut by the motorway. The last road to be closed in the area was St Kilda Road, three days after the new bridge opened.[9] The next new bridges were the twin bridges over the Port River Expressway at the southern interchange. They replaced the original Craig Gilbert Bridge which was closed and demolished in May 2019.[10] A temporary off ramp from South Road to Salisbury Highway was provided which used the new southbound bridge and the future Port River Expressway to South Road on ramp. In July 2019, the bridge for the end-state off ramp opened to traffic, carrying north->east traffic over the Northern Connector.[11] The bridge over the expressway at Bolivar Road opened for access into the Bolivar Waste Water Treatment Plant about a week before Christmas 2019. The final alignment of the northbound carriageway of Port Wakefield Road at the northern interchange opened at about the same time, over a new bridge that passes over the southbound on-ramp from Port Wakefield Road. The whole road opened to traffic on 7 March 2020.[12]

Construction

Lendlease was awarded the contract. The announcement included support for other sectors of the South Australian economy, with a requirement that 7500 tonnes of steel would be sourced from Arrium and at least half of the workers hired from the northern suburbs of Adelaide where other industries were reducing workforce - notably Holden ceased local production of cars in 2017.[13]

In November 2016, it was announced that the majority of the road surface would be concrete, rather than asphalt as used on most roads in South Australia. This was expected to have a slightly higher up-front cost, but significantly lower maintenance costs over 30 years.[14]

Major construction was announced to have started on 6 December 2016, with completion anticipated in December 2019.[15] There were a total of nine bridges required to be constructed. The Southern Interchange required three bridges; The Bolivar and Waterloo Corner Interchanges each required a bridge over the expressway; the northern interchange required a new bridge for the northbound carriageway of Port Wakefield Road to cross the southbound on-ramp; the motorway crosses North Arm Creek, Dry Creek and the Little Para River.[16]

The project was divided into six zones. Zone 1 containing the northern interchange was let to McMahon Services. Zone 2 contained the Waterloo Corner interchange, and was let to LR&M Constructions. Zone 3 contained the Bolivar interchange and bridge over the Little Para River and was subcontracted to Catcon. Zone 4 was the Bolivar intersection with Port Wakefield Road, let to S.E.M. Group. Zone 5 crossed Dry Creek and the salt pans. Zone six was the southern interchange. Zones 5 and 6 were both managed directly by Lendlease. The shared use path along the eastern side of the road was constructed by Intract Indigenous Contractors[16]:47 and is named Tapa Martinthi Yala.[17]

The raw materials to make the concrete for the road were be supplied by Adelaide Brighton Cement, and mixed on-site. The road was reinforced with steel from Liberty OneSteel and asphalt was supplied by Boral.[18]

South Road Superway

The South Road Superway is an elevated motorway in the northern suburbs of the South Australian capital city of Adelaide.[1] The 2.8 km elevated roadway rises just north of Taminga Street, Regency Park and goes over Days Road, before access ramps at Grand Junction Road, then continues over Cormack Road and the Dry Creek railway line to join the intersection of the Port River Expressway and Salisbury Highway where the motorway continues northwards. In 2009, an announcement was made to build an elevated roadway above South Road from just north of Regency Road to the end of South Road where it joins to the Port River Expressway and Salisbury Highway. The elevated roadway was constructed at a cost of A$812 million and opened 13 March 2014. The Superway was the biggest single investment in a road project in South Australia's history.[19] The Superway delivered a 4.8 kilometre section of freeway grade road, including a 2.8 kilometre elevated roadway, from the Port River Expressway to Regency Road. Along the way, it passes over the Dry Creek-Port Adelaide railway line, Cormack Road, Grand Junction Road and , with exits at Grand Junction Road and Days Road.

Construction

The South Road Superway taking shape at Days Road intersection, April 2012

South Australian civil engineering and construction company, Bardavcol, was awarded the early works local roads contract for the South Road Superway, with the design and construction contract awarded to Urban Superway Joint Venture, comprising the John Holland Group, Macmahon Contractors and .[20]

Construction of the local connector roads was completed in early 2011, with the completion of construction of . This road replaced South Road as the main distributor road in the area during construction. Construction of the superway proper commenced in early 2011.[21] Construction was completed March 2014. The southbound lanes opened early February 2014, with the left turn entry from Port River Expressway opening on 31 January 2014.[22] The northbound lanes opened on 13 March 2014.[23]

Regency Road to Pym Street

After construction of the South Road Superway and the Torrens-to-Torrens lowered motorway, this 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) section of road was left with two traffic light intersections (including Regency Road), a controlled pedestrian crossing, and access to local side streets. It was reported in May 2017 that completion of this section would cost $400 million, with construction to begin at the start of 2019 and be completed by the middle of 2022. This would complete 47 km of freeway from Gawler to the River Torrens. The state government said it was seeking 85% of the cost to be funded by the federal government, which had not committed to the spend.[24] Completion of this section was committed by the state and federal governments on 1 May 2018. The announcement stated that the cost would be A$354m but did not state an expected completion date. It will include an overpass of Regency Road and a pedestrian and cycling connection over the freeway near Pym Street. There will be three lanes each way on the non-stop road and another two lanes each way on the surface road to provide access to community and businesses.[25]

The contract for design and construction of the 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) motorway segment with three lanes in each direction, plus two lanes each way providing access to the surrounding community and businesses, was awarded on 5 July 2019 to a consortium of McConnell Dowell, Mott MacDonald and Arup Group. All three members have been involved in other major infrastructure projects in South Australia and are already working together on the Oaklands railway station and grade separation project. Main construction is expected to start in late 2019, with completion expected in 2022.[26]

Torrens Road to River Torrens

Travelling southbound under the Port Road bridge in the lowered motorway, September 2018

In 2013 the State Labor government in partnership with the Federal Labor government announced an upgrade to approximately 4 km of road between Torrens Road and the River Torrens. The upgrade would feature a new, lowered road under Grange and Port Roads to provide a non-stop route through the area for north–south traffic and reduce delays to east-west travel, a parallel surface road along the length of the lowered road to connect the majority of local roads and arterial roads to South Road and a rail overpass of South Road for the Outer Harbor line. Construction started in 2015, with the project expected to be completed by the end of 2018.[27][28]

The project scope was extended in December 2015 to include an underpass of Torrens Road, at no additional project cost or time.[29] The lowered motorway opened to traffic on 29 September 2018.[30][31][32]

River Torrens to Darlington

Although the River Torrens to Darlington portion of the road corridor is intended to be upgraded to include non-stop north–south traffic flow before 2030, As of October 2018 there are no detailed plans and no funding has been allocated to construction.[33] This section includes intersections with several major thoroughfares and a number of minor roads.

The Gallipoli Underpass at Anzac Highway, which is only considered an interim solution, and the grade separated junction at Cross Road, including the Seaford railway line, are anticipated to be upgraded separately in advance of the rest of this section of road.[34]:16

In August 2018, the possibility was raised that this section could be completed by tunnelling under the existing alignment.[35]

Gallipoli Underpass

Going under the Gallipoli Underpass, heading south in April 2012

In 2005, along with the decision to make a free flowing South Road, a decision was made to build an underpass for South Road to go under Anzac Highway. Construction of this started in 2007, and keeping with the it was named the Gallipoli Underpass, in line with the ANZAC theme. The underpass opened in March 2009, and to cut down on delays due to construction, an overpass was also built within the same time frame for the Glenelg tram line just half a kilometre to the south, which also opened in 2009, significantly removing delays from this area.

Emerson Overpass

Between 1982 and 1984, an overpass was built at Emerson Crossing, taking South Road over Cross Road and the Seaford railway line. For a long time, this was the only grade separation on South Road, and one of very few in South Australia, removing congestion with Cross Road traffic and the railway line. Increasing frequency of commuter trains are resulting in vehicle bottlenecks that are anticipated to worsen as queues on the exit ramps to Cross Road can extend into the through lanes on South Road. The rail crossing could be closed for up to 20 minutes in the peak hour.[34]:54

Exits and interchanges

LGALocation[36]km[37]miDestinationsNotes
PlayfordWaterloo Corner, Virginia00.0 Port Wakefield RoadContinues north as Northern Expressway to Sturt Highway. No connection from northbound Port Wakefield Road to Northern Expressway or North–South Motorway.
Salisbury3.22.0Waterloo Corner Road  – Salisbury, St Kilda
Bolivar7.24.5 Kings Road  – Parafield Gardens, Paralowie
Port Adelaide EnfieldWingfield15.39.5 Salisbury Highway (A9) east / Port River Expressway (A9) west  – Port Adelaide, Outer Harbor, Salisbury
17.210.7 Grand Junction Road  – Regency ParkSoutbound exit, northbound entry only
Regency Park18.711.6 South Road  – Regency ParkNorthbound exit, southbound entry only. Continues south as South Road; will continue as North–South Motorway once Regency to Pym is complete in 2022.

Torrens Road to River Torrens

LGALocation[36]km[37]miDestinationsNotes
Port Adelaide EnfieldCroydon Park21.013.0South RoadContinues north as South Road; will continue as North–South Motorway once Regency to Pym is complete in 2022.
Charles SturtCroydon, Ridleyton22.614.0 Port Road  – Adelaide CBDSouthbound exit, northbound entry only
22.914.2Outer Harbor railway line
Hindmarsh, West Hindmarsh24.115.0South RoadContinues south as South Road

See also

Australia road sign W5-29.svg Australian Roads portal

References

  1. ^ a b Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure (13 March 2014). "Use the South Road Superway and save time: Northbound lanes to open on Thursday night" (PDF). Media Release. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  2. ^ Australian Government (26 June 2010). "Nation Building - Economic Stimulus Plan". Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  3. ^ a b "North–South Corridor: The 10 year Strategy" (PDF). Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure, Government of South Australia. May 2015. pp. 4–6. Adelaide’s North-South Corridor will consist of a high speed non-stop managed motorway supported by a parallel surface arterial South Road. The non-stop motorway is intended to cater for the unimpeded flow of longer distance northbound and southbound trips, while the surface arterial South Road will cater for shorter distance and local trips.
  4. ^ "Northern Connector". Infrastructure S.A. Archived from the original on 8 June 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  5. ^ "northern connector" (PDF). Infrastructure S.A. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  6. ^ Schultz, Duane (13 August 2013). "Federal Government push to make $1.1bn Northern Connector South Australia's first toll road". News Review Messenger. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Northern Connector Project". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure South Australia. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  8. ^ Jean, Peter; Starick, Paul (14 September 2015). "Northern Connector Work to Start on Crucial $985 Million Adelaide Road Link". The Advertiser. News Corp. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Finally! New overpass at Waterloo corner has opened". Cruise 1323. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Port River Expressway weekend closure and detours, 24-27May" (PDF). Northern Connector Project. Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. May 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019. This closure will allow for the demolition of the Craig Gilbert Bridge over PREXY as part of the construction of the Southern Interchange.
  11. ^ "New South Road Superway off-ramp opening" (PDF). North-South Corridor Northern Connector Project. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  12. ^ Smith, Matt (3 March 2020). "Adelaide's biggest road project, the Northern Connector, set to open this weekend". The Advertiser. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  13. ^ Novak, Lauren (31 May 2016). "Lendlease Engineering chosen to build and construct Northern Connector, work to start next month". The Advertiser. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  14. ^ Starick, Paul (16 November 2016). "$985 million Northern Connector to be South Australia's first major concrete road, creating more jobs". The Advertiser. News Corp (published 17 November 2016). Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  15. ^ Paul Fletcher, Federal Minister for Urban Infrastructure; Jay Weatherill, Premier of South Australia; Stephen Mullighan, SA Transport and Infrastructure Minister (6 December 2016). "Major construction begins on Northern Connector project" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 7 December 2016.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ a b "Northern Connector Project Breakfast". Industry Capability Network. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Notice to Assign a Names to Bridges and Shared-Use Path" (PDF). South Australian Government Gazette. Government of South Australia. 2 January 2020. p. 10. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Three contracts awarded on $885M Northern Connector". Trailer Magazine. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  19. ^ Infrastructure SA (21 May 2010). "South Road Superway: Demography". Retrieved 26 June 2010.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ Infrastructure SA (30 April 2010). "Project Overview: Demography". Retrieved 29 June 2010.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ Infrastructure SA (30 April 2010). "Project official webpage". Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  22. ^ Infrastructure SA (30 April 2010). "Project official webpage". Retrieved 2 February 2014.[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ "South Road Superway". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 14 March 2014. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  24. ^ Wills, Daniel (15 May 2017). "South Rd upgrade: Construction to start between Regency Rd and Pym St". The Advertiser. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  25. ^ "Regency Road to Pym Street". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  26. ^ Tudge, Alan (5 July 2019). "Building Regency to Pym to begin this year" (PDF). Minister for Cities, Urban Infrastructure and Population (Press release). Government of South Australia. Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  27. ^ "North-South Corridor: Torrens Road to River Torrens". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure, Government of South Australia. 5 August 2015. 145594. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  28. ^ "T2T". T2T Alliance. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  29. ^ "Torrens Road to Torrens River Project Scope Extension". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  30. ^ "Torrens to Torrens Part of South Road Upgrade to Open This Weekend". AdelaideNow. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  31. ^ "TORRENS ROAD TO RIVER TORRENS LOWERED MOTORWAY TO OPEN TO TRAFFIC" (PDF). Government of South Australia. 28 September 2018.
  32. ^ "North-South Corridor open to traffic". RoadsOnline.com.au. 1 October 2018.
  33. ^ "South Road Planning (Anzac Highway to Southern Expressway)". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  34. ^ a b "North–South Corridor The 10 year Strategy" (PDF). Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. May 2015. K-Net #9526649, V1. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  35. ^ Smith, Matt (10 August 2018). "State Government puts the possibility of tunnels back on the table for North-South corridor". The Advertiser. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  36. ^ a b "Property Location Browser" (Map). Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
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External links