The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Government is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia. The Government of South Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, South Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, South Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
Legislative power rests with the Parliament of South Australia, which consists of the House of Assembly and the Legislative Council, with general elections held every four years. At these fixed four yearly elections the whole Assembly is up for re-election and half of the Council is, the only exception is after a double dissolution held in accordance with Section 41 of the state Constitution, after which the whole Assembly and Council are up for re-election. Unlike the federal double dissolution procedure, the SA double dissolution procedure can only be used if the same bill, or much the same bill, has been twice rejected by the Council, after being introduced by the Assembly, with the two rejections separated by a general election.
Executive and judicial powers
Executive power rests formally with the executive council, which consists of the governor and senior ministers. In practice, executive power is exercised by the premier of South Australia and the cabinet, who are appointed by the governor, but who hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the House of Assembly.
Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of South Australia and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian constitution.
|Portfolio||Minister||Party affiliation||Term start||Term end||Term in office|
|The Hon. Steven Marshall MHA||Liberal||19 March 2018||incumbent||868 days|
|The Hon. Vickie Chapman MHA||Liberal|
|The Hon. Rob Lucas MLC||Liberal|
||The Hon. John Gardner MHA||Liberal||22 March 2018||865 days|
||The Hon. David Ridgway MLC||Liberal|
||The Hon. Michelle Lensink MLC||Liberal|
||The Hon. David Pisoni MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. Stephen Wade MLC||Liberal|
||The Hon. Dan van Holst Pellekaan MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. Rachel Sanderson MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. Tim Whetstone MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. Corey Wingard MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. David Speirs MHA||Liberal|
||The Hon. Stephan Knoll MHA||Liberal|
The South Australian Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility. Each portfolio is led by a government minister who is a member of the Parliament. As of March 2020 there were 28 government departments and agencies listed on sa.gov.au, being:
- Attorney-General's Department (includes Forensic Science SA)
- Auditor-General's Department
- Department for Child Protection
- Department for Correctional Services
- Country Fire Service (CFS)
- Courts Administration Authority (CAA)
- Defence SA
- Department for Education
- Electoral Commission of South Australia
- Department for Environment and Water
- (EPA) - "independent statutory authority within the Environment and Water Portfolio"
- Department for Energy and Mining
- Green Industries SA
- Department for Health and Wellbeing
- SA Housing Authority
- Department of Human Services
- South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service (MFS)
- Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure
- Department of the Premier and Cabinet
- Primary Industries and Regions SA (PIRSA), formerly Department of PIRSA
- Department for Trade and Investment
- Department of Treasury and Finance
- South Australia Police
- State Emergency Service
- TAFE SA
- South Australian Tourism Commission
A range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
- The Legal Services Commission is a statutory authority, independent of government, "funded by both the South Australian and the Commonwealth Governments to provide legal assistance to South Australians".
- SA Health is "the brand name for the health portfolio of services and agencies responsible to our Minister, the ", including:
- Department for Health and Wellbeing
- SA Ambulance Service
- Commission on Excellence and Innovation in Health
- Wellbeing SA
- Various regional health networks
Government business enterprises
- South Australian Forestry Corporation trading as ForestrySA
- South Australian Water Corporation trading as SA Water
- Constitution Act 1934 (SA) s.4
- "Constitution Act 1934 - SECT 41". www8.austlii.edu.au. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "The South Australian Government Gazette, March 19 2018, No. 18, Supplementary Gazette" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- MacLennan, Leah (22 March 2018). "SA election: Who's who in the new South Australian Liberal Government?". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- "The South Australian Government Gazette, 22 March 2018, No. 20, Supplementary Gazette" (PDF). Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "Government". SA.GOV.AU. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Home". Government of South Australia. Attorney General's Department. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Organisation". Environment Protection Authority. Retrieved 25 March 2020. Note link to document behind "Environment and Water Portfolio", showing an organisational structure chart: Environment & Conservation Portfolio as at 22 April 2018. Green Industries SA, EPA and DEW all report to the Minister.
- "Home". Department for Energy and Mining. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "About Green Industries SA". Green Industries SA. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Home". South Australia. Department for Innovation and Skills. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "About". Legal Services Commission of SA. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "About SA Health". SA Health. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- "ForestrySA Corporate Overview". ForestrySA. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "About us". SA Water. Retrieved 18 August 2015.