The Adelaide Fringe, formerly Adelaide Fringe Festival, is the world's second-largest annual arts festival (after the Edinburgh Festival Fringe), held in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. Between mid-February and mid-March each year, it features more than 7,000 artists from around Australia and the world. Over 1,300 events are staged in hundreds of venues, which include work in a huge variety of performing and visual art forms. The Fringe begins with free opening night celebrations, and other free events occur alongside ticketed events for the duration of the festival.
The three main temporary venue hubs are The Garden of Unearthly Delights, Gluttony and the Royal Croquet Club, and other temporary and permanent venues hosting Fringe events are scattered across the city, suburbs and region. In a period in Adelaide's calendar referred to by locals as "Mad March", other events running concurrently are the Adelaide Festival of Arts, another major arts festival starting a week after the Fringe, which includes Adelaide Writers' Week and the four-day world music festival WOMADelaide, and also the Adelaide 500 street circuit motor racing event, with accompanying evening music concerts.
The Fringe attracts many international visitors as well as from all over Australia, and in 2019 generated an estimated A$95.1 million in gross economic expenditure for South Australia, which included A$36.6 million in spending by the 2.7 million attendees. Each year has brought a new record in all aspects of the festival for many years up to 2020.
Founded in 1960 as a loose collection of official (coordinated by the Festival of Arts) and unofficial events run by local artists, and initially seen as adjunct to the main Festival of Arts, the Fringe became an incorporated body in 1975, with the 1976 festival named Focus and later Adelaide Festival Fringe, before the 1992 change to Adelaide Fringe Festival. It has grown from a two-week long, biennial community festival for local artists only, to a major annual international festival.
The Made in Adelaide Award, worth A$10,000, was introduced by Arts South Australia in 2017, open to local Adelaide Fringe artists who wish to tour their work to the Edinburgh Fringe.
The Adelaide Fringe and Adelaide Festival of Arts are separate organisations, with different philosophies and intent.
The Adelaide Fringe is governed by the Adelaide Fringe Board, which employs a director and CEO, a deputy director and a large team of adjunct staff to manage various aspects of the festival. A number of major contributors to the history of the Fringe have been named as life members, including the founder, the late founder, Frank Ford.
Heather Croall is the CEO and Director from 2015 to 2020. Greg Clarke was CEO and director 2011–2014. Sandy Verschoor was CEO 2006–2010, while Christie Anthoney filled the post of director from when the Fringe went annual in 2007 to 2010; and Karen Hadfield for the 2004 and 2006 festivals.
As of 2019 Adelaide Fringe is the second-largest annual arts festival in the world, after the Edinburgh Fringe, and the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, places it won in 2017, and it continues to grow each year. Artists from across the globe participate in the Fringe alongside home-grown talent, in all art forms. Adelaide Fringe also organises its own public events. The Adelaide Fringe is an open-access event, meaning that there is no curator seeking out the events which form part of the programme.
"Mad March" is a term used by locals to describe the period of five big events running concurrently in the local calendar: the Adelaide Festival of Arts (a three-week festival starting a week after the Fringe), which includes Adelaide Writers' Week and the four-day world music festival WOMADelaide, as well as the Adelaide 500 street circuit motor racing event, with accompanying its evening music concerts.
Adelaide Fringe begins with free opening night celebrations (for many years a street parade and/or opening night party; as of 2019 an opening ceremony followed by party), and free as well as ticketed events continue for the duration of the month-long festival. The festival includes contemporary work in a wide range of art forms including cabaret, comedy, circus and physical theatre, dance, film, theatre, puppetry, music, visual art, magic, digital and interactive and design.
In 2019 there were 517 venues, which included "pop-up" venues in parks, warehouses, laneways and disused buildings, as well as established venues such as theatres, hotels, bars, pubs, art galleries and cafes. Buskers regularly perform in Rundle Mall and elsewhere in and around the city as well as in the suburbs.
Because of Adelaide city centre's compact size, many of the venues are fairly close to each other. The city's surrounding parks provide several clusters of venues (known as venue hubs), outside of the established and converted venues within the city and suburbs. There are three main venue hubs:
- The Garden of Unearthly Delights, the group of venues set up within a temporarily fenced area of Rundle Park/Kadlitpina, was first used in 2000, with only one Spiegeltent, known as "The Famous Spiegeltent".
- Gluttony, a similarly fenced venue hub over the road in Rymill Park/Mullawirraburka.
- The Royal Croquet Club has had a few changes of location since its launch in Victoria Square/Tarndanyangga in 2014, first to Pinky Flat/Tarntanya Wamain the northern parklands, then within the University of Adelaide from 2019.
Some of the permanent establishments regularly hosting Fringe events include the Holden Street Theatres (a converted church precinct turned venue in Hindmarsh), Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute, (a performing arts space in the CBD), The German Club, The Rhino Room (a local comedy club), the Odeon Theatre, Norwood and the National Wine Centre (a convention centre with wine bar and restaurant). Small venues make up about 50% of ticket total sales. The popular live music venue "The Gov" is used for Fringe events of all kinds.
Adelaide Fringe Ambassadors
In 2012, the Government of South Australia partnered with the South Australian Tourism Commission to create the Adelaide Fringe Ambassador role to promote the Adelaide Fringe across Australia and overseas. The Adelaide Fringe Ambassador also participates in the Adelaide Fringe Opening Night Parade and performs during the Fringe.
|2013||Paul McDermott||Paul Sings and The Dark Garden|||
|2014||Katie Noonan||Love Song Circus|||
|2015||Kitty Flanagan||Hello Kitty Flanagan|||
|2016||Julian Clary||The Joy of Mincing|||
|2017||Hugh Sheridan, James Cochran, Adrienne Truscott||Hugh Sheridan in California Crooners Club; Adrienne Truscott in Adrienne Truscott's Asking For It and THIS; James Cochran's Street Art Explosion|||
|2018||Courtney Act and Joel Creasey||Courtney Act in Under The Covers; Joel Creasey in Blonde Bombshell|||
|2019||Judith Lucy, Gavin Wanganeen and Hans||Judith Lucy in Judith Lucy Vs Men; Gavin Wanganeen in conversation with Holly Ransom for Fringe Talk Show; Hans in Hans Like a German|||
1960–1974: Biennial, 2–3 weeks, status unclear
The first "fringe" event came about in 1960, when a few artists decided to stage their own events in response to the exclusion of many local and smaller-scale artists from the curated Adelaide Festival of Arts. Fringe activities consisted of local visual arts, crafts, performing arts and amateur theatre groups organising productions, exhibitions and events alongside the Festival and running for two weeks. According to Fringe Vault, "These events that have been called 'unofficial fringe activities' formed the beginnings of the 'Fringe'. These were seen as separate to any 'unofficial activity supported by the festival' which were listed in the 1960 Festival of Arts Festival Souvenir Programme under Festival Attractions, other Events and other Exhibitions".
In 1962, the number of unofficial local events and exhibitions grew to the point where, according to a thesis by Martin Christmas, "1962 appears to have been the Festival where it was recognised that 'ancillary' (fringe activities), were as important as the core cultural activities", and Max Harris wrote an article entitled Adelaide’s Two Festivals.
In 1964, Fringe was host to 52 art exhibitions, collections and performances. Like the Festival of Arts, it was held biennially, for three weeks. Both approved and unapproved events had grown in number. Significant productions of two Patrick White plays, The Ham Funeral and Night on Bald Mountain, staged by local performers in 1961 and 1964 respectively after being refused by the main Festival, served to cement the status of what started being referred to in the press as "Fringe" events.
In 1970, the event grew to three weeks in duration, running from 6–28 March that year and experiencing significant growth in both official and unofficial events and including three major musical performances, four dance performances, an opera, film events and exhibitions.
The first printed souvenir programme was published for the 1974 event, with the title as "Adelaide Festival of Arts, March 9 to 30: Fringe programme". However there were still a large number of unofficial events: the programme listed 41 exhibitions listed and 20 performances; unofficial events included 50 exhibitions, 10 performances and many other events.
1976–2006: Biennial, 3 weeks, established
In 1975 the fringe became an incorporated association, and thus "legal", with writer and director Frank Ford as its founding chairman. Its name was Focus Inc., with the focus on the development of South Australian culture. The change of name caused some controversy at the time, but the reason was reinforce the notion that Focus was not a cultural cringe. The first independently organised Fringe, known as Focus Festival, came into being and was seen as a huge success. This was the true beginning of today's Adelaide Fringe, as a separate entity and with focused goals, and the first dedicated poster, proclaiming "Focus '76". The 1978 poster said: "Focus: Adelaide's Festival of the Australian Arts".
1982: Adelaide Festival Fringe
In 1982, the name on the poster, with a design by Pro Hart, changed to Adelaide Festival Fringe. In that year there were 50 venues, 86 groups or individual artists, as well as 56 visual arts exhibitions in the city venues. There were also 16 groups doing performances in schools and public spaces. In 1988 the festival opened its doors to international artists, and the early 1990s brought further big changes, creating the most successful festival yet. It was beginning to put itself on the map internationally. The brochures stated that it was "the biggest community arts festival in Australia" and "ranked second only, behind the internationally renowned Edinburgh Festival Fringe". The inaugural Opening Night Hindley Street Party was thrown, and patron Don Dunstan called on the state government to provide more funding.
1992-4: Adelaide Fringe Festival
In 1994, the name on the posters changed from Adelaide Festival Fringe to Adelaide Fringe Festival, as a result of changes brought about in 1992-3. It decided to adopt the name Adelaide Fringe and to broaden the role of the organisation. Dubbed "the affordable festival", the 1992 festival was the most successful in its 32 year history, with many of the events taking place in the newly-completed Lion Arts Centre on the western end of North Terrace. The 1994 poster showed "Adelaide Fringe Festival", in contrast to the recent past "Adelaide Festival Fringe".
In 1998, the used its own especially developed ticketing system, FringeTix, for the first time.
2000: Adelaide Fringe
The 2000 Fringe dropped the "Festival" and started calling itself the Adelaide Fringe. That year was dedicated to dedicated to former state premier and fringe patron Don Dunstan, embracing his vision of social justice and cultural diversity that continues to be an inspiration today.
In 2006 South Australian Premier Mike Rann announced that the Adelaide Fringe would receive extra government funding (totalling $2 million) to enable it to become an annual event from 2007 onwards. 
2007–2012: Annual, 3 weeks
In 2007, the Adelaide Fringe became an annual event, after receiving funding from the state government of A$500,000, which was deemed a success. In 2007, 130,000 tickets were sold through the FringeTIX box office system – with an additional 10,000 ticket sales by national ticketing partners.
In 2008, about 187,000 tickets were sold through the FringeTIX box office and their ticketing partners. 281 Fringe venues sold tens of thousands of tickets on the door. Family Day became Family Weekend and doubled in size and attendances. The final box office income was estimated to reach over A$5.3 million, the majority of which was passed back to Fringe artists.
In 2009, pre-event ticket sales equalled that of the previous year. 2,800 artists featured in 250 venues across the city, in 508 comedy, theatre, music, dance and visual art shows.
The Adelaide Fringe celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2010. Compared to the previous year ticket sales were 27% higher. For the first time, Fringe sold 100,000 tickets prior to the opening parade. The event received extra State Government funding of A$350,000 to support the anniversary event. The grant covered the cost of producing eight inflatable astronauts and erecting them around the city. 300,000 tickets were sold at box offices, more than twice as many as were sold in 2007.
In 2011, the Fringe Parade was cancelled due to rain, but 334,000 tickets were sold, equating to over A$8 million. 1.45 million attendances were recorded and ticket sales had increased 11% over the previous year.
The 2012 festival ran from 24 February to 18 March. Approximately 40,000 spectators attended the Fringe Parade, and 367,000 tickets were sold, a 10% increase on 2011 sales. Ticket sales equated to an approximate value of A$9 million. The event featured over 4,000 artists and 923 events, in 300 venues. There were 20% more events than in 2011.  CEO Greg Clarke launched the event not only in Adelaide, but also at the Sydney Opera House and in Federation Square in Melbourne. There were also two big changes on opening night: the parade ran down the centre of the city along King William Street, and the celebrations before, during and afterwards were not just in the East End of the city centre, but in Fringe venues everywhere. There were also a number of large free outdoor events during the festival.
2013–2020: Annual, 4 weeks
In 2013, after a boost in government funding, Fringe was extended to run for a 4-week period, commencing Friday 15 February. There were over 4,000 artists registered, appearing in 930 events and 6139 performances, and 407,153 tickets were sold. The dollar value of ticket sales equated to A$11.6 million. The event generated A$64.6 million, which was an increase of 34% on the previous year.
In 2014, the festival ran for 30 days and nights from 14 February until 16 March, and brought together over 4,000 artists from around Australia and the world. Over 900 events were staged in pop-up venues in parks, warehouses, lane-ways and disused buildings as well as established venues such as theatres, hotels, art galleries and cafes.
Heather Croall, 2015–2020
In February 2015 Heather Croall came on board as CEO and Festival Director. More than A$13 million worth of tickets were sold, made up of more than 536,000 tickets sold across 376 venues, resulting in an increase of 20% compared to the previous year.
Ticket sales for the 2016 Adelaide Fringe Festival rose 12% on the previous year, with more than 600,000 tickets sold. More than 1,100 performances were staged across 430 venues. British comedian Alexis Dubus vowed not to perform in future Adelaide Fringe Festivals, citing his reason as the festival being driven by larger venues, which attract crowds who buy drinks instead of show tickets, leading to poor ticket sales and cancellations for shows. (However, he returned to the Adelaide Fringe Festival in 2018.)
In April 2016 the "Made in Adelaide" initiative was announced by the state government, which provided funds totalling A$55,000 to support nine acts taking their work to the Edinburgh Fringe, to help build connections between the two festivals. In August 2016, the Fringe began an official partnership with the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.
In November 2016, CEO Croall spoke of the need for better marketing to attract more tourists, and ways to help ensure that artists received a decent share of income.
The start date of the 2017 festival was postponed by a week to 17 February, with the March long weekend falling on weekend four of the festival, instead of the last weekend. It was in 2017 that it became the largest arts festival in the Southern Hemisphere, and the second largest Fringe in the world.
Adelaide Fringe 2018 once again broke all records, attracting 2.7 million people in attendance across free and ticketed events, including 100,000 for the Opening Night Street Party (which replaced the opening night Parade) and 505,000 for the Parade of Light digital projections onto the buildings along North Terrace on every night of the 31-day festival. More than 6,900 artists performed in 1,231 events across 442 venues. Box office revenue reached A$16.6 million from 705,761 tickets sold (up 7 per cent). The event also saw a greater share going into artists' pockets, after A$1 million of funding from the state government enabled the Fringe to abolish inside charges for artists with tickets under $35, and to halve those for all others. The move was praised by artists, including Dubus, who returned with a new show that year.
Records were again broken in 2019, with attendance by tourists increased by 72% on the previous year (possibly a consequence of increased interstate marketing), a total of nearly 3.3 million attendances, and A$95 million in estimated expenditure. 7000 artists participated in 1326 events. The reach of Fringe has been pushing further out of the boundaries of Adelaide, into regional centres.
2020: 60th anniversary
The Fringe celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2020. While the 2020 Fringe was the first in years to see a decrease in the number of registered events ("over 1200", compared with 1320 in 2019), the events were more widely spread, with half of the venues outside Adelaide city centre, including both suburban and regional locations such as Stirling, Gawler and Murray Bridge.
The World Fringe Congress, first held in 2012, was held in Adelaide for the first time in 2020.
The last weekend of the festival was somewhat impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia, although government rules on social distancing and travel did not start until the following week. Nonetheless it brought in a record $96.7 million in estimated gross economic expenditure, with box office revenue also hitting a record $21 million, selling 853,419 tickets.
Dates have been announced for the 2021 Fringe (19 February - 21 March), but future planning is hampered by uncertainty caused by the global pandemic and consequent greater financial risk to performers and venues.
The 2014 event's mascot was Stobie the Disco Cuttlefish, a 13-metre (43 ft)-long street performance puppet inspired by the Australian Giant Cuttlefish of South Australia. Stobie the Disco Cuttlefish flashed multi-coloured lights, waved its tentacles and played pre-recorded disco music while a group of professional dancers performed original choreography each Saturday night during the event.
The 2018 mascot was inspired by the winning poster of that year, featuring a multi-coloured dog made of balloons, with a crown, created by Sydney graphic designer Jacqueline Daniel. It was intended to celebrate the Chinese Year of the Dog.
Made in Adelaide Award
The Made in Adelaide Award was introduced in 2017 by Arts South Australia, as part of the "Made In Adelaide" campaign started in 2016, to export and promote South Australian artists at the Edinburgh Fringe. Entries are open to artists in the Adelaide Fringe who are planning to register with the 2017 Edinburgh Fringe. The Award is worth A$10,000 as of 2019.
- 2017: Joanne Hartstone – The Girl Who Jumped Off the Hollywood Sign
- 2018: Anya Anastasia – The Executioners
- 2019: Michelle Pearson – Just Desserts – Adults Only Tasting
- 2020: Erin Fowler - Femme
Since 2007, the Adelaide Fringe holds an annual competition to select the cover art for the festival's guide, website, posters and general branding. Previous winners include:
- 2007 – Ryan Stephens
- 2008 – Hat Morgan
- 2009 – David Blaiklock
- 2010 – David Capriotti
- 2011 – Kamen Goranov
- 2012 – Sue Ninham
- 2013 – Andy Petrusevics
- 2014 – Sharon Moreno
- 2015 – Jonathon Oxlade and Chris Moore
- 2016 – Stephanie Mitchell
- 2017 – Jennifer Rimbault
- 2018 – Jacqueline Daniel
- 2019 – Matthew Clarke
- 2020 – Dave Court
The principal partner for many years has been BankSA. Government funding has increased in recent years. The Government of South Australia is a major sponsor, through Arts South Australia from 1997 to 2018, and since then directly via the Department of the Premier and Cabinet. The City of Adelaide, The Advertiser, 9News are also among the partners of the Fringe, and corporate and private donors help to support specific initiatives for artists.
- "Uncertainty for Adelaide Fringe festival due to 'financial risk' for performers amid coronavirus". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 30 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "About Fringe". Adelaide Fringe. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Our team". Adelaide Fringe. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Adelaide Fringe director to retain role until 2020". InDaily. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Keen, Suzie (29 November 2016). "Fringe call to action for South Australians". InDaily. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "2011". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Sandy Verschoor". Adelaide Festival of Ideas. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "2007: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019. (And relevant pages for other years.)
- Sutton, Malcolm (24 February 2017). "Adelaide Fringe: World's second largest arts festival 'still a fringe', as attention turns to interstate". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "History". Adelaide Fringe. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "2009: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Collins, Steph (18 February 2011). "Adelaide Fringe Parade: It'S On!". Glam Adelaide. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Adelaide Fringe Opening Night Party: 15 Feb 2019". Play and Go. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "2019 Adelaide Fringe increases tourist attendance by 72%". Adelaide Fringe. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Accessibility At Fringe". Adelaide Fringe. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "The Garden". Garden of Unearthly Delights. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- "Gluttony". Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- Noble, Kelly (31 August 2018). "Royal Croquet Club Returns To Fringe In New Locations (Yes, There's More Than One!)". Glam Adelaide. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "2019 Adelaide Fringe ticket sales set new box office record". Australasian Leisure Management. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- "It's Fringe Parties Galore At The Gov". scenestr. 11 February 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- "Adelaide Fringe: Annual Review 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Adelaide Fringe: Annual Review 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Bayly, Jess (7 December 2012). "Adelaide Fringe Launches 2013 Program". Rip It Up. Rip It Up. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- McDermott, Paul (27 October 2012). "Ambassador Paul Mcdermott justifies his Fringe Festival role in a letter". Adelaide Now. News Corporation. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Staff Writer (15 October 2014). "Singer Katie Noonan is the new ambassador for the Adelaide Fringe". ABC News. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Keen, Suzie (15 October 2013). "Katie Noonan to spread Fringe magic". InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Smith, Matthew (18 September 2014). "Kitty Flanagan Announced As Adelaide Fringe Ambassador". ABC News. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Keen, Suzie (18 September 2014). "Kitty Flanagan to spruik Adelaide Fringe". InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Staff Writer (23 October 2015). "Julian Clary announced as Adelaide Fringe Ambassador". The Lead South Australia. The Lead South Australia. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Boon, Maxim (24 October 2015). "Julian Clary named as Adelaide Fringe ambassador". Limelight Magazine. Limelight. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Staff Writer, Arts Review (3 October 2016). "Adelaide Fringe Announces 2017 Ambassadors". Arts Review. Byte Media. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Keen, Suzie (28 September 2016). "Jimmy C to add his artistic touch to Adelaide Fringe". InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Staff Writer, Broadway World (31 October 2017). "Adelaide Fringe Announces 2018 Ambassadors". Broadway World. Wisdom Digital Media. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Byrne, Jordan (4 October 2018). "2019 Adelaide Fringe Ambassadors Announced". Glam Adelaide. Glam Digital Pty Ltd. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Staff writer, Broadway World (3 October 2018). "Diverse Trio of Artists Announced As 2019 Adelaide Fringe Ambassadors". Broadway World. Wisdom Digital Media. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "1960: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1962: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- Christmas, Martin (1999), The open platform : from fringe to Focus in pursuit of the Adelaide Fringe Festival, retrieved 20 August 2019
- Adelaide's two festivals [Article], 1962, retrieved 20 August 2019
- "1964: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1970: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1974: Poster". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1974: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1976: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1978: Poster". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1982: Poster". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1982: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1992: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1994: Poster". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- "1998: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Self (21 February 1998)". AusStage: The Australian Live Performance Database. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Ed the Anti Christ (26 February 2000)". AusStage: The Australian Live Performance Database. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Historical details for ABN 71 660 859 461". ABN Lookup. Australian Government. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- ALP News Release, 25 February 2006
- Spoehr, John (2009). State of South Australia: From Crisis to Prosperity?. Wakefield Pres. p. 39. ISBN 186254865X. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Scott-Norman, Fiona (14 February 2008). "Adelaide Fringe no longer oddball grunge". News.com. Retrieved 13 January 2009.
- "2007: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "2008: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Boland, Michaela (16 March 2010). "Adelaide Fringe Festival a soaring success". The Australian. News Corporation. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- McDonald, Patrick (17 February 2010). "Giant astronauts mark the launch of a successful Fringe festival". The Advertiser. News Corporation. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- Meacham, Steve (13 November 2010). "Festival of Delight". Sydney Morning Herald: Traveller. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "2011: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- History Archived 31 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia. Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "Little 'monsters' promote Adelaide Fringe". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Ticket sales up 10%" Archived 28 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia (2012). Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "2012: Introduction". Fringe Vault. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Fringe extended in 2013" Archived 24 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia. Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "About" Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia (2014). Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "A staggering $64.6 million impact" Archived 26 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia. Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "Ticket sales up 10.9%" Archived 20 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Adelaide Fringe Festival, South Australia. Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Sheffield Doc/Fest director Heather Croall to step down, screendaily.com, 5 January 2015, retrieved 1 June 2015
- Staff writer, ABC News (15 March 2015). "Adelaide Fringe Festival breaks ticket sales records, as event wraps up for 2015". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Staff writer, ABC News (13 March 2016). "Adelaide Festival earns $2.8 million, Fringe and WOMADelaide also pull strong crowds". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- McLoughlin, Chris (7 March 2016). "British Comedian Alexis Dubus critical over Adelaide Fringe Festival's direction". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Keen, Suzie (8 March 2016). "Adelaide Fringe: If you can make it here..." InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Richardson, Tom (8 March 2016). "Political leaders welcome Fringe debate". InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- "Artists Praise Adelaide Fringe For Cutting Inside Charges". Adelaide Fringe. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Made in Adelaide at the Edinburgh Fringe". Adelaide Fringe. 3 May 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Adelaide partners with world's biggest festival". Inside South Australia. website named Brand South Australia in archived version. 16 August 2016. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2016.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "2018 Adelaide Fringe increases visitor expenditure in SA by 19.3% | Adelaide Fringe – 15 February – 17 March 2019". adelaidefringe.com.au. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- "2020 Adelaide Fringe poster design set to dazzle". Adelaide Fringe. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Keen, Suzie (28 November 2019). "All that glitters: What's in store for the 2020 Adelaide Fringe". InDaily. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- Sutton, Malcolm. "Satellite hubs spread the fun with 'unique' concept during Adelaide Fringe". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "Adelaide Fringe 2010 Mr Inflatables" Mr Inflatables, Youtube.com (2011-06-06). Accessed 2014-02-20.
- "Inflatable astronauts at the Adelaide Fringe Festival". ABC RN. Background Briefing. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 26 December 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- McDonald, Patrick "Stobie the Disco Cuttlefish poles apart from usual Fringe fare" The Advertiser, South Australia (2014-02-12). Retrieved 2014-02-17.
- "Our 2018 Adelaide Fringe Poster!". Adelaide Fringe. 9 September 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Made In Adelaide grants and a new award now open". Made In Adelaide. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- "Made in Adelaide Award". Government of South Australia. Dept Premier & Cabinet. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- "Adelaide Fringe 2020 Awards". Adelaide Fringe. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- Staff writer, Fringe Fever (22 July 2009). "Previous Winners". Fringe Fever. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- McDonald, Patrick (6 November 2009). "2010 Fringe poster out of this world". The Advertiser. News Corporation. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- McDonald, Patrick (4 November 2010). "Ahoy! 2011 Fringe poster sets sail". The Advertiser. News Corporation. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Sieben, Belinda (13 October 2011). "Local Artist Celebrated at Adelaide Fringe Poster Launch". Glam Adelaide. Glam Digital Pty Ltd. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Noble, Kelly (26 October 2012). "Get Your First Look At the 2013 Fringe Poster". Glam Adelaide. Glam Digital Pty Ltd. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Staff writer, ABC News (1 November 2013). "Collision of spots wins 2014 Adelaide Fringe poster competition for graphic designer Sharon Moreno". ABC News. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Frangos, Daniela (13 October 2014). "2015 Adelaide Fringe Poster Revealed". Rip It Up. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Templeton, Anthony (25 September 2015). "Fringe released poster and announced partnership for Google cube". The Advertiser. News Corporation. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Staff writer, InDaily (19 October 2016). "Unicorn design harnesses the magic of Fringe". InDaily. Solstice Media. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- Staff writer, Scenestr (10 September 2017). "Adelaide Fringe 2018 Poster Revealed". Scenestr. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- "Meet Your 2019 Adelaide Fringe Poster!". Adelaide Fringe. 6 September 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "FringeWorks: Artists Guide" (PDF). Fringe Festival. 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 August 2019. Cite journal requires
- "FringeWorks: Artists Guide" (PDF). Fringe Festival. 2019. Cite journal requires
- "About arts and culture". Government of South Australia. Dept Premier & Cabinet. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
- "Adelaide Fringe Festival". AusStage: The Australian Live Performance Database. Ever-growing database of events connected to the Adelaide Fringe Festival.
- "[home]". Fringe Vault. Dedicated to recording a variety of information about the Fringe by year (presently 1960–2013), including indexes by venue, event and artist, ephemera such as posters and programmes as well as memories added by contributors.